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Christ-Siemens-Touraine Syndrome: Case Report of 2 Brothers

Publication Type : Journal Article

Source : Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2014; 8(10): YD01-2

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Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Dermatology

Year : 2014

Abstract : Ectodermal dysplasia is a rare disorder. Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome (Hypohidrotic Ectodermal dysplasia (HED)) is a diffuse, non-progressive disease present at birth and involves at least two tissues of ectodermal origin. It is caused by mutation in gene ectodysplasin (EDA, EDA1) located at Xq12-13. Main clinical feature of HED is sparse or absent eccrine gland as well as hypotrichosis, nail, and teeth abnormality with characteristic faces. The absence or diminished activity of sweat gland results in patients having more chances of developing hyperthermia and with intolerance to warm environment. Most do well with simple measures such as wet clothes, air conditioning, wet bands etc. We present cases of two brothers, born of non-consanguineous marriage, who presented to us with complaints of heat intolerance and abnormal facial features.

Cite this Research Publication : Vora R, Anjaneyan G, Chaudhari A, Pilani A, "Christ-Siemens-Touraine Syndrome: Case Report of 2 Brothers," Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2014; 8(10): YD01-2

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