Back close

Clinical manifestations of lead workers of Mangalore, India

Publication Type : Scientific Paper

Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences

Publisher : Toxicol Ind Health

Source : Toxicol Ind Health , vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 405 - 413, 2006.

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Forensic Medicine

Year : 2006

Abstract : Objective: To correlate blood lead levels and clinical manifestations. Participants: Battery workers and painters (occupationally exposed to lead in and around Mangalore, India) and occupationally unexposed controls. Main outcome measures: We measured the blood lead levels by anodic stripping voltammetry, and a clinical examination was carried out on all participants. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the lead-exposed group and controls with respect to clinical manifestations. The prominent findings among the lead-exposed group were fatigue, abdominal colic, abdominal discomfort, backache, muscular exhaustability, myalgia and paresthesia, at a blood lead level ranging from 0.4 to 116.6 microg/dL. Conclusions: Such a study on battery workers and painters has not been reported in India. Several attempts have been made over the years to relate blood lead levels to adverse health effects. It was not possible to determine a precise blood lead level below which symptoms never occur or a blood lead level at which symptoms are always reported.

Cite this Research Publication : Kuruvilla A, Pillay VV, Adhikari P, Venkatesh T, Chakrapani M, Jayaprakash Rao HT, Bastia BK, Rajeev A, Saralaya KM, Rai M. “Clinical manifestations of lead workers of Mangalore, India.” Toxicol Ind Health 2006; 22(9): 405-413.

Admissions Apply Now