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Comparison of ANN and RKS approaches to model SCC strength

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering

Source : IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 310, p.012037 (2018)

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Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering

Department : Civil

Year : 2018

Abstract : Self compacting concrete (SCC) is a high performance concrete that has high flowability and can be used in heavily reinforced concrete members with minimal compaction segregation and bleeding. The mix proportioning of SCC is highly complex and large number of trials are required to get the mix with the desired properties resulting in the wastage of materials and time. The research on SCC has been highly empirical and no theoretical relationships have been developed between the mixture proportioning and engineering properties of SCC. In this work effectiveness of artificial neural network (ANN) and random kitchen sink algorithm(RKS) with regularized least square algorithm(RLS) in predicting the split tensile strength of the SCC is analysed. Random kitchen sink algorithm is used for mapping data to higher dimension and classification of this data is done using Regularized least square algorithm. The training and testing data for the algorithm was obtained experimentally using standard test procedures and materials available. Total of 40 trials were done which were used as the training and testing data. Trials were performed by varying the amount of fine aggregate, coarse aggregate, dosage and type of super plasticizer and water. Prediction accuracy of the ANN and RKS model is checked by comparing the RMSE value of both ANN and RKS. Analysis shows that eventhough the RKS model is good for large data set, its prediction accuracy is as good as conventional prediction method like ANN so the split tensile strength model developed by RKS can be used in industries for the proportioning of SCC with tailor made property.

Cite this Research Publication : A. J. Prakash, Dhanya Sathyan, Dr. Anand K. B., and Aravind, N. R., “Comparison of ANN and RKS Approaches to Model SCC Strength”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 310, p. 012037, 2018.

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