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Cycling performance of nanocrystalline LiMn 2O 4 thin films via electrophoresis

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Journal of Nanomaterials

Source : Journal of Nanomaterials, Volume 2012 (2012)

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Keywords : Cyclability, Cyclic performance, Cycling performance, Direct deposition, Electrochemical parameters, Electrode/electrolyte interfaces, Electrodes, Electrophoresis, In-situ, Li intercalation, Lithium alloys, Nanocrystalline thin films, Nanocrystallines, Nanocrystals, Reaction behavior, Redox reactions, Sintering, Titanium, Titanium foils, Titanium substrates, Uniform size

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences

Center : Nanosciences

Department : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Year : 2012

Abstract : The present study demonstrates a novel approach by which titanium foils coated with LiMn 2O 4 nanocrystals can be processed into a high-surface-area electrode for rechargeable batteries. A detailed study has been performed to elucidate how surface morphology and redox reaction behaviors underlying these electrodes impact the cyclic and capacity behavior. These nanocrystals were synthesized by in situ sintering and exhibited a uniform size of ∼55nm. A direct deposition technique based on electrophoresis is employed to coat LiMn 2O 4 nanocrystals onto titanium substrates. From the analysis of the relevant electrochemical parameters, an intrinsic correlation between the cyclability and particle size has been deduced and explained in accordance with the Li intercalation/deintercalation process. Depending on the particle size incorporated on these electrodes, it is seen that in terms of capacitance fading, for nanoparticles cyclability is better than their micron-sized counterparts. It has been shown that electrodes based on such nanocrystalline thin film system can allow significant room for improvement in the cyclic performance at the electrode/electrolyte interface. © 2012 S. Parvathy et al.

Cite this Research Publication : S. Parvathy, Ranjusha, R., Sujith, K., Subramanian, K. R. V., Sivakumar, N., Nair, S. V., and Balakrishnan, A., “Cycling performance of nanocrystalline LiMn 2O 4 thin films via electrophoresis”, Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2012, 2012.

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