Publication Type:

Journal Article

Authors:

Kumar, S.

Source:

Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Volume 2, Number 2, p.29-31 (2008)

URL:

http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-77953376111&partnerID=40&md5=b47a3fda4deb837bb24a1b02d6728c4e

Keywords:

abdominal pain, article, aspiration, cardiovascular disease, central nervous system depression, chloroxylenol, clinical feature, endotracheal intubation, epigastric pain, fluid resuscitation, gastrointestinal symptom, high risk population, human, intoxication, nausea, nephrotoxicity, Prognosis, self poisoning, suicide attempt, treatment indication, upper respiratory tract obstruction, vomiting

Abstract:

Dettol is a common household disinfectant and is freely available in certain countries such as UK, India and Hong Kong. It is common cause of suicidal poisoning in Hong Kong. However literature regarding incidence and case profile in other parts of the world is lacking. It has a corrosive action on the gastrointestinal tract and a depressant action on the central nervous system. Almost all the mortality in patients with Dettol poisoning is related to aspiration. Patients with Dettol poisoning have been observed to develop sudden upper airway obstruction which can require emergent endotracheal intubation. It has been observed predominantly in patients who are at high risk of aspiration in spite of the fact that other clinical signs of aspiration may be absent. This complication can be of delayed onset and should be anticipated. Treatment otherwise is mainly supportive. Prognosis is very good in patients who have not aspirated.

Notes:

cited By (since 1996)0

Cite this Research Publication

S. Kumar, “Dettol poisoning: Clinical features and management”, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, vol. 2, pp. 29-31, 2008.