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Development of functionally graded Cu–Sn–Ni/Al 2 O 3 composite for bearing applications and investigation of its mechanical and wear behavior

Publisher : Particulate Science and Technology

Year : 2019

Abstract : This study investigates the mechanical and tribological properties of a functionally graded Cu–Sn–Ni/Al 2 O 3 metal matrix composite, synthesized using horizontal centrifugal casting technique with dimension Φ out 100 × Φ in 85 × 100 mm. The microstructure was examined along radial distances at 1, 8, and 13 mm from outer periphery. Specimens were tested for tensile strength from outer (1–8 mm) and inner zone (9–15 mm) of the casting and fractured surfaces were subjected to fractographic analysis. Wear resistance of inner layer was experimented using pin-on-disc tribometer based on Taguchi’s L 27 orthogonal array using three variable process parameters, such as applied loads (10, 20, and 30 N), sliding velocities (1, 2, and 3 m/s), and distances (500, 1000, and 1500 m). Optimum parameters were determined for wear rate on “smaller-the-better” basis using signal-to-noise ratio. Analysis of variance predicted the effect of each influential parameter and their interactions. Results depict that wear rate increased with load and distance, forming phases such as Cu 3 Sn, Ni 3 Sn, Cu 6 Sn 5 , etc. Worn surfaces analysis using scanning electron microscope predicted the formation of mechanically mixed layers, showing a V-trend influence of velocity on wear. Thus, fabricated composite shows the replaceability of conventional leaded bearing materials with superior copper functionally graded composites having better wear characteristics. © 2017, © 2017 Taylor & Francis.

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