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Diagnostic utility of adenosine deaminase in exudative pleural effusions

Publisher : Lung India

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Pulmonary Medicine

Year : 2014

Abstract : Objective: To determine the diagnostic utility of adenosine deaminase (ADA) in exudative pleural effusions of different etiologies. Setting and Design: It was an observational study conducted at a tertiary care teaching institute. Materials and Methods: Of a total of 171 pleural fluid samples, 122 were found to be exudates and were included in the study. Pleural fluid ADA was done for all included patients. Pleural fluid ADA ≥40 U/l was taken as diagnostic cut off for TB effusion. Statistical Analysis: Sensitivity, specificity positive and negative predictive value of pleural fluid ADA for diagnosing TB was calculated by using clinical calculator - 1, Richard Lowry 2001-2013. Results: There were 171 patients with pleural effusion, out of which 122 (71.8%) were found to be exudative and were studied further. There were 49 (40.1%), 36 (29.5%) and 33 (27%) cases of TB, malignancy and para pneumonic effusion respectively, whereas 4 (3.3%) cases remained undiagnosed. Median ADA values for TB, malignancy and para pneumonic effusion were 55.8 U/l (range 9.7-756 U/l), 18 U/l (6.5-81 U/l) and 25 U/l (3.4-172 U/l) respectively. Pleural fluid ADA 40U/l yielded 85.7% sensitivity, 80.8% specificity, 75% positive predictive value and 89.5% negative predictive value. Conclusion: Pleural fluid ADA remains useful in diagnosing tuberculosis pleural effusion. The median ADA for TB effusion in present cohort was 51.8 IU/ml. Pleural fluid ADA of 40 U/L yielded 89.5% negative predictive value and 75% positive predictive value. Pleural fluid ADA is cost effective and good screening test for diagnosis of TB.

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