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Documentation of Commonly used Ethnoveterinary Medicines from Wild Plants of the high mountains in Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : MDPI

Source : MDPI

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Agricultural Sciences

Year : 2021

Abstract : The aim of current study is to provide a significant traditional knowledge on wild medicines used for ethnoveterinary purposes in the rural area of Maraog region in district Shimla. The medicinal plants have played a significant role in the treatment of human as well as animal’s diseases. The rural people of the Maraog region were interviewed through a questionnaire and extensive field surveys were conducted from June 2020 to July 2021. The discussion, observations and interviews were conducted in study site and included 96 informants. The information gathered from the residents is presented in a table format and includes scientific and local names, different parts used, diseases treated and mode administration. The most commonly used taxa are calculated with used value. The study revealed 100 plants in which trees (7), shrubs (26), herbs (56), ferns (5), grasses (3) and climbers (3) were identified. The most commonly documented livestock diseases were found to be hoof infections, eyes infections, poisoning and skin infections. In the current study, the Rosaceae family was reported as being the highest number (11), followed by Asteraceae (10) and then Lamiaceae (6). It was found that leaves, roots, flowers and fruits are the commonly used parts for ethnoveterinary medications. The phytochemicals present in the plant, such as alkaloids, sterols, glycosides, flavonoids, lignin, coumarins and terpenoids, etc., may be responsible for their medicinal properties. In this documentation, it was observed that the younger generation does not have good knowledge of medicinal plants as compared to the older ones. Therefore, it is necessary to preserve the traditional knowledge of these medicinal plants before their permanent loss. The documentation and conservation of medicinal plants can be a good start for novel phytopharmacological research in the veterinary field.

Cite this Research Publication : Manoj Kumar, Radha Chauhan, Surinder Singh, Deepak Chandran, Sureshkumar Rajalingam, Sneh Punia Bangar, et al Documentation of commonly used ethnoveterinary medicines from wild plants of the high mountains in Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh, India.2021.MDPI

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