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Doxycycline Prevents Blood-brain Barrier Dysfunction and Microvascular Hyperpermeability After Traumatic Brain Injury

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Nature Publishing Group UK

Source : Scientific Reports

Url :

Campus : Amritapuri

School : School of Biotechnology

Year : 2022

Abstract : The main objective of this study was to determine the cellular and molecular effects of doxycycline on the blood–brain barrier (BBB) and protection against secondary injuries following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Microvascular hyperpermeability and cerebral edema resulting from BBB dysfunction after TBI leads to elevation of intracranial pressure, secondary brain ischemia, herniation, and brain death. There are currently no effective therapies to modulate the underlying pathophysiology responsible for TBI-induced BBB dysfunction and hyperpermeability. The loss of BBB integrity by the proteolytic enzyme matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is critical to TBI-induced BBB hyperpermeability, and doxycycline possesses anti-MMP-9 effect. In this study, the effect of doxycycline on BBB hyperpermeability was studied utilizing molecular modeling (using Glide) in silico, cell culture-based models in vitro, and a mouse model of TBI in vivo. Brain microvascular endothelial cell assays of tight junction protein immunofluorescence and barrier permeability were performed. Adult C57BL/6 mice were subjected to sham versus TBI with or without doxycycline treatment and immediate intravital microscopic analysis for evaluating BBB integrity. Postmortem mouse brain tissue was collected to measure MMP-9 enzyme activity. It was found that doxycycline binding to the MMP-9 active sites have binding affinity of −7.07 kcal/mol. Doxycycline treated cell monolayers were protected from microvascular hyperpermeability and retained tight junction integrity (p < 0.05). Doxycycline treatment decreased BBB hyperpermeability following TBI in mice by 25% (p < 0.05). MMP-9 enzyme activity in brain tissue decreased with doxycycline treatment following TBI (p < 0.05). Doxycycline preserves BBB tight junction integrity following TBI via inhibiting MMP-9 activity. When established in human subjects, doxycycline, may provide readily accessible medical treatment after TBI to attenuate secondary injury.

Cite this Research Publication : Robinson, B.D., Isbell, C.L., Melge, A.R., Lomas, A.M., Shaji, C.A., Mohan, C.G., Huang, J.H. and Tharakan, B., 2022. Doxycycline prevents blood–brain barrier dysfunction and microvascular hyperpermeability after traumatic brain injury. Scientific Reports, 12(1), p.5415.
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group UK

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