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Publication Type : Journal Article
Publisher : International Journal Prosthodont
Source : International Journal Prosthodont, Volume 34, Issue 1, p.54-60 (2021)
Keywords : Color, Materials Testing, Maxillofacial Prosthesis, Oxides, particle size, Silicone Elastomers
Campus : Kochi
School : School of Dentistry
Department : Prosthodontics & Implantology
Year : 2021
Abstract : PURPOSE: To evaluate the physical and mechanical properties of maxillofacial silicone elastomers following the incorporation of a specific particle size and concentration of nano-titanium dioxide (TiO) and nano-zinc oxide (ZnO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nano-TiO and nano-ZnO of 20-nm and 40-nm particle sizes and in 1% and 2% concentrations were chosen. Silicone elastomer samples were prepared according to the manufacturer's recommendations. The nano-oxides were incorporated via hand spatulation. The samples were subsequently tested for hardness and color stability and were then subjected to aging in an aging chamber for 1,008 hours, following which they were again evaluated for hardness, color stability, and surface roughness. RESULTS: A significant change was noted in the physical and mechanical properties post-aging in all the groups. The samples with nano-TiO of 40-nm particle size/2% concentration had the highest hardness, while color stability and surface roughness were higher in samples with nano-TiO of 20-nm particle size/1% and 2% concentrations, respectively. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that 20-nm nano-TiO particles best maintain the ideal properties of maxillofacial silicone elastomers and can potentially be used as alternative opacifiers when mixed with A-2186 maxillofacial silicone elastomers.
Cite this Research Publication : Ashika S, Manju V., Dr. Anna Seren Babu, and Krishnapriya, “Effect of Particle Size of Nano-Oxides on Color Stability and Mechanical Properties of Maxillofacial Silicone Elastomers: An In Vitro Study.”, International Journal Prosthodont, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 54-60, 2021.