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Electro Chemical Properties of Carbon Nanoparticles Entrapped in a Silica Matrix

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Journal ofthe ElectrochemicalSociety

Source : Journal ofthe ElectrochemicalSociety, Volume 155, Issue 5 (2008)

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering

Department : Electronics and Communication

Year : 2008

Abstract : Carbon-based electrode materials have been widely used for many years for electrochemical charge storage, energy generation, and catalysis. We have developed an electrode material with high specific capacitance by entrapping graphite nanoparticles in a sol-gel network. Films from the resulting colloidal suspensions were porous due to the removal of the entrapped organic solvents from the sol-gel matrix giving rise to high Brunauer–Emmett–Teller specific surface areas Formula and a high capacitance density Formula . An exponential decrease of capacitance was observed with increasing scan rates in cyclic voltammetry studies on these films, suggesting the presence of pores ranging from micro- Formula to mesopores. Nitrogen adsorption–desorption analysis and scanning electron microscope images of these films also confirmed the presence of the micropores as well as mesopores. A steep drop in the double-layer capacitance with polar electrolytes was observed when the films were rendered hydrophilic upon exposure to mild oxygen plasma. We propose a model whereby the microporous hydrophobic sol-gel matrix perturbs the hydration of ions which moves ions closer to the graphite nanoparticles, consequently increasing the capacitance of the film.

Cite this Research Publication : Dr. T. Rajagopalan, .Bok, S., .A.Lubguban, A., .Gao, Y., .Bhattacharya, S., .Korampally, V., and .Hossain, M., “Electro Chemical Properties of Carbon Nanoparticles Entrapped in a Silica Matrix”, Journal ofthe ElectrochemicalSociety, vol. 155, no. 5, 2008.

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