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Electrochemical Probing of H2O2 Using TiO2-ZrO2-HfO2 Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode: A Promoted Sacrificial Behaviour of Hf4+ ions

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

Source : Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 232 (7) (2021) 262 (IF: 2.520).

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Campus : Chennai

School : School of Engineering

Center : Amrita Innovation & Research

Department : Electronics and Communication

Verified : Yes

Year : 2021

Abstract : In recent years, there is a massive demand for the development of high-performance sensing technologies to curtail the effect of environmental pollutions. One such primary ecological concern is water pollution, where the major risk factor is associated with the concentrations of the chemical residues (hydrogen peroxide [H2O2]) in drinking water. Keeping this in view, we have demonstrated a non-enzymatic electrochemical probing of H2O2 in water employing microwave-assisted TiO2-ZrO2-HfO2 ternary nanocomposite for the first time. Structural analysis revealed the formation of monoclinic phases of ZrO2 and HfO2 along with anatase phased TiO2. Dynamic sensing characteristics of the TiO2-ZrO2-HfO2 nanocomposite were studied by varying the concentration of H2O2 from 1 to 19 µM where the sensor showed linearity up to 9 µM. The LOD and LOQ of the sensor were found to be 0.32 and 1.06 µM respectively along with the sensitivity of 6.71 μA∙μM−1. The dominant signal change of Zr4+ ions in the TiO2-ZrO2-HfO2 nanointerface upon interacting with H2O2 has significantly inhibited the Hf4+ ions from taking part in the redox reaction, which refers to the sacrificial behavior. The reaction hierarchy was observed as ZrO2 (Eo =  − 1.23 V) > TiO2 (Eo =  − 1.15 V [suppressed peak]) > HfO2 (no redox peaks observed sacrificial). The real-time recovery study was carried out using the tap water, field water, and urban river water samples with repeatable and reproducible characteristics. Thus, our study provokes a new dimension in exploring many ternary nanointerfaces in the near future for the electrochemical sensing of different analytes.

Cite this Research Publication : AkshayKrishnakumar, Parthasarathy Srinivasan, Ganesh Kumar Mani, Rio Kita, KunioOkimura, John Bosco BalaguruRayappan and Kazuyoshi Tsuchiya, “Electrochemical Probing of H2O2 Using TiO2-ZrO2-HfO2 Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode: A Promoted Sacrificial Behaviour of Hf4+ ions”Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 232 (7) (2021) 262 (IF: 2.520).DOI: 10.1007/s11270-021-05190-4

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