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Engineering Large Cartilage Tissues using Dynamic Bioreactor Culture at Defined Oxygen Conditions

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences, Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Journal of Tissue Engineering .

Source : Journal of Tissue Engineering , vol. 9, 2018.

Keywords : Bioreactor, oxygen, low oxygen, chondrogenesis, mesenchymal stem cells, scale, hydrogel.

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Center : Nanosciences

Department : Bioengineering

Year : 2018

Abstract : Mesenchymal stem cells maintained in appropriate culture conditions are capable of producing robust cartilage tissue. However, gradients in nutrient availability that arise during three-dimensional culture can result in the development of spatially inhomogeneous cartilage tissues with core regions devoid of matrix. Previous attempts at developing dynamic culture systems to overcome these limitations have reported suppression of mesenchymal stem cell chondrogenesis compared to static conditions. We hypothesize that by modulating oxygen availability during bioreactor culture, it is possible to engineer cartilage tissues of scale. The objective of this study was to determine whether dynamic bioreactor culture, at defined oxygen conditions, could facilitate the development of large, spatially homogeneous cartilage tissues using mesenchymal stem cell laden hydrogels. A dynamic culture regime was directly compared to static conditions for its capacity to support chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells in both small and large alginate hydrogels. The influence of external oxygen tension on the response to the dynamic culture conditions was explored by performing the experiment at 20% O2 and 3% O2. At 20% O2, dynamic culture significantly suppressed chondrogenesis in engineered tissues of all sizes. In contrast, at 3% O2 dynamic culture significantly enhanced the distribution and amount of cartilage matrix components (sulphated glycosaminoglycan and collagen II) in larger constructs compared to static conditions. Taken together, these results demonstrate that dynamic culture regimes that provide adequate nutrient availability and a low oxygen environment can be employed to engineer large homogeneous cartilage tissues. Such culture systems could facilitate the scaling up of cartilage tissue engineering strategies towards clinically relevant dimensions.

Cite this Research Publication : Binulal Nelson Sathy, Daly, A. C., and Kelly, D. J., “Engineering Large Cartilage Tissues using Dynamic Bioreactor Culture at Defined Oxygen Conditions”, Journal of Tissue Engineering , vol. 9, 2018.

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