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Equilibrium shapes of liquid drops on pre-stretched nonlinear elastic membranes

Publication Type : Journal Article

Source : Journal of Fluid Mechanics 961, A28, 2023

Url :

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering

Verified : No

Year : 2023

Abstract : We investigate the equilibrium of an axisymmetric system consisting of sessile and pendent drops on pre-stretched nonlinear elastic membranes. The membrane experiences large deformations due to the drop's weight and interfacial interactions. We first show that force balance alone leads to non-unique equilibrium solutions. Identifying the system's equilibrium with the minimum of its free energy, we then demonstrate that the equilibrium solution is made unique by requiring the continuity of meridional stretches across the three-phase contact circle. For a special class of nonlinear elastic materials – I2 materials – we then compute the equilibrium configurations of the drop–membrane system for a range of drop volumes and membrane pre-tensions. Finally, the present work facilitates two important applications: (a) the membrane's pre-tension and current tension are related exactly to help in utilizing the system as an elastocapillary probe for membrane pre-tension and (b) we suggest an experimental protocol for measuring the membrane's surface properties.

Cite this Research Publication : V. Nair, I. Sharma, and V. Shankar, “Equilibrium shapes of liquid drops on pre-stretched nonlinear elastic membranes,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics 961, A28 (2023).

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