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Exploring QSTR and toxicophore of hERG K+ channel blockers using GFA and HypoGen techniques

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling

Source : Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling, Volume 26, Number 6, p.966 - 976 (2008)

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Keywords : 2D-QSTR, hERG inhibition, HypoGen, QT prolongation, Toxicophore

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences

Center : Amrita Center for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine Move, Nanosciences

Department : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Year : 2008

Abstract : Predictive quantitative structure–toxicity and toxicophore models were developed for a diverse series of hERG K+ channel blockers, acting as anti-arrhythmic agents using QSAR+ module in Cerius2 and HypoGen module in Catalyst software, respectively. The 2D-QSTR analysis has been performed on a dataset of 68 molecules carefully selected from literature for which IC50 values measured on hERG K+ channels expressed in mammalian cells lines using the voltage patch clamp assay technique were reported. Their biological data, expressed as IC50, spanned from 7.0nM to 1.4mM, with 7 orders difference. Several types of descriptors including electrotopological, thermodynamic, ADMET, graph theoretical (topological and information content) were used to derive a quantitative relationship between the channel blockers and its physico-chemical properties. Statistically significant QSTR model was obtained using genetic function approximation methodology, having seven descriptors, with a correlation coefficient (r2) of 0.837, cross-validated correlation coefficient (q2) of 0.776 and predictive correlation coefficient (rpred2) of 0.701, indicating the robustness of the model. Toxicophore model generated using HypoGen module in Catalyst, on these datasets, showed three important features for hERG K+ channel blockers, (i) hydrophobic group (HP), (ii) ring aromatic group (RA) and (iii) hydrogen bond acceptor lipid group (HBAl). The most predictive hypothesis (Hypo 1), consisting of these three features had a best correlation coefficient of 0.820, a low rms deviation of 1.740, and a high cost difference of 113.50, which represents a true correlation and a good predictivity. The hypothesis, Hypo 1 was validated by a test set consisting of 12 molecules and by a cross-validation of 95% confidence level. Accordingly, our 2D-QSTR and toxicophore model has strong predictivity to identify structurally diverse hERG K+ channel blockers with desired biological activity. These models provide a useful framework for understanding binding, and gave structural insight into the specific protein–ligand interactions responsible for affinity, and how one might modify any given structure to mitigate binding.

Cite this Research Publication : D. Garg, Gandhi, T., and Dr. Gopi Mohan C., “Exploring QSTR and toxicophore of hERG K+ channel blockers using GFA and HypoGen techniques”, Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling, vol. 26, pp. 966 - 976, 2008.

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