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Fabrication of highly porous conducting PANI-C composite fiber mats via electrospinning

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Materials Letters

Source : Materials Letters, Volume 67, Number 1, p.376-378 (2012)

Url : Materials Letters, Volume 67, Number 1, p.376-378 (2012)

Keywords : Carbon black, Carrier phase, Carrier solutions, Composite fibers, Composite nanofibers, Conductance measurement, Electrospinning, Electrospuns, Fiber diameters, Fiber mat, Fiber technology, Fibers, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Nanocomposites, Nanofibers, Percolation thresholds, Polyaniline, Polymers, Solvents, Structural collapse

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences

Center : Nanosciences

Department : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Year : 2012

Abstract : Highly porous (∼ 70%) polyaniline-carbon black composite nanofiber mats with good conductivity were fabricated via electrospinning. The fiber mat was electrospun using polyvinyl alcohol as carrier solution which was later decomposed at ∼ 230 °C to get a complete conducting nanofiber network. This heat treatment reduced the fiber diameter from ∼ 250 nm to ∼ 170 nm and the porosity of the fiber mat increased from ∼ 41% to 70%. The removal of the carrier phase was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and did not result into any structural collapse. The localized conductance measurements using scanning electro-chemical microscopy showed that the removal of insulating carrier solution substantially reduced the percolation threshold and increased the fiber-mat conductance. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Cite this Research Publication : K. Sujith, Asha, A. M., Anjali, P., Sivakumar, N., Subramanian, K. R. V., Nair, S. V., and Balakrishnan, A., “Fabrication of highly porous conducting PANI-C composite fiber mats via electrospinning”, Materials Letters, vol. 67, pp. 376-378, 2012.

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