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Flexible nanoenergy harvester using piezo-tribo functional polymer and carbon fibre as electrodes

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Materials Research Express, IOP Publishing

Source : Materials Research Express, IOP Publishing, Volume 5, Issue 7 (2018)

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Campus : Amritapuri

School : School of Engineering

Center : Electronics Communication and Instrumentation Forum (ECIF)

Department : Electronics and Communication

Year : 2018

Abstract : Micro-energy harvesting has gained immense interest among the research community due to the requirement for self-powering of sensor units in unapproachable environments. Use of simple, low cost, flexible energy harvester aids generation of energy from ambient environments. The present work proposes two devices under test(DUT) with different electrodes namely copper(DUT1) and carbon fibre (DUT2), polymers Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) as a functional charge generating materials. The piezoelectric and triboelectric characterisation of polymer films is performed using Dynamic contact mode electrostatic force microscopy(DC-EFM). The proposed DUT1 and DUT2 generates an 8 Vpp and 9 Vpp during human finger tapping. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of DUT1 and DUT2 generated an output voltage of (8.5 V, 12.35 V) (high pressure),(13.5 V, 14.1 V) (285 rpm) respectively. The carbon fibre electrode based flexible device generated an output voltage of 9 V, 10 V and 2.275 V when subjected to biomechanical operations such as finger assisted tapping, press and release as well as bending operations. The device with copper electrode generated 0.32 nJ of energy and power density per unit area of 2.37 pW cm⁻² in a single tap cycle. The DUT2 generated thrice the energy and power density than that of DUT1. The DUT2 thus promises to be an efficient, low-cost, flexible energy harvester with PVDF as well as PDMS polymers as a functional layer.

Cite this Research Publication : Sreenidhi P. R., K, S. C., Lokasani, B., and Varghese, S., “Flexible nanoenergy harvester using piezo-tribo functional polymer and carbon fibre as electrodes”, Materials Research Express, vol. 5, no. 7, 2018.

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