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Genome-wide Consistent Molecular Markers Associated with Phenology, Plant Production and root traits in diverse rice (Oryza sativa L.) accessions under Drought in Rainfed Target Populations of Environment

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Current Science

Source : Current Science

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Agricultural Sciences

Year : 2018

Abstract : Drought is the most predominant constraint to rainfed rice production. Identifying molecular markers associated with drought resistance traits and deploying them in marker-assisted breeding will hasten the development of drought-resilient cultivars. A total of 49 diverse rice accessions, including traditional land-races, were evaluated for plant production and root traits under natural drought stress in rainfed target populations of environment (TPE) in six successive field trials from 2010 to 2015. Significant variation for phenology, plant production and root traits under drought was noticed among the accessions. Genotyping of the rice accessions using 599 polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers showed considerable variation among them. STRUCTURE analysis grouped the 49 accessions into three subpopulations. Similarly, three clusters were observed in Neighbor joining tree created using Nei's genetic distance. The subpopulation POP1 consisted mostly of landraces, while subpopulation POP3 consisted of advanced breeding lines and POP2 accessions from all groups. Genome-wide association mapping detected 61 markers consistently associated in two or more trials with phenology, plant production and root traits under drought in TPE. The markers PSM52 (Chr 3), RM6909 (Chr 4), RM242 (Chr9) and RM444 (Chr 9) were consistently associated with grain yield and root traits under drought. The markers PSM127 (Chr 3) and PSM133 (Chr 4) were consistently associated with yield, plant height and spikelet fertility. These markers with pleiotropic and consistent associations with yield and secondary traits under drought in TPE may be robust candidates for marker-assisted breeding for drought resistance in rice.

Cite this Research Publication : Deshmukh Vivek Vasant, MankarSumeet Prabakar, Muthukumar. C, Divahar. P, Bharathi. A, Helen Baby Thomas, Ashish Rajurkar, Sellamuthu. R, Poornima. R, Senthivel. S and Chandra Babu. R. 2018. Genome-wide consistent molecular markers associated with phenology, plant production and root traits in diverse rice (Oryza sativa L.) accessions under drought in rainfed target populations of environment. Current Science. 114 (2): 329 – 340.

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