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How to make intelligent automation projects agile? Identification of success factors and an assessment approach

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : International Journal of Organizational Analysis

Source : International Journal of Organizational Analysis (2021)

Url :

Campus : Amritapuri

School : School of Engineering

Center : AmritaCREATE

Verified : Yes

Year : 2021

Abstract : Purpose Organizations are fast adopting new technologies such as automation, analytics and artificial intelligence, collectively called intelligent automation, to drive digital transformation. When adopting intelligent automation, there is a need to understand the success factors of these new technologies and adapt agile software development (ASD) practices to meet customer expectations. The purpose of this paper is to explore the success factors of intelligent automation and create a framework for managers and practitioners to meet dynamic business demands. Total interpretive structural modeling (TISM) framework is a suitable approach to integrate quantitative measurement with qualitative semi-structured interviews capturing the context of the individual organization environment. Design/methodology/approach This paper identified agility factors and their interrelationships using a TISM framework. TISM results were validated using a one-tailed t-test to confirm the interrelationships between factors. Furthermore, the agility index of a case project organization was assessed using a graph-theoretic approach (GTA) to identify both the triggering factors for agility success and improvement proposals. Findings Results showed that leadership vision, organization structure and program methodology were driving factors. The TISM model was validated statistically and the agility index of the intelligent automation case project organization was calculated to be79.5%. Here, a GTA was applied and the triggering factors for improvement of the agility index were identified. Research limitations/implications The limitations of the study are described along with the opportunities for future research as the field evolves through the rapid innovation of technology and products. Practical implications The increasing role of digital transformation in enterprise strategy and operations requires practitioners to understand how ASD practices must be planned, measured and/or improved over time through the implementation of automation, analytics and artificial intelligence programs. The TISM digraph provides a framework of hierarchical structure to organize the influencing factors, which assists in achieving organizational goals. This study highlights the driving factors which contribute to the success of intelligent automation projects and project organizations. Originality/value This is a first attempt to analyze the interrelationships among agility factors in intelligent automation projects (IAP) using TISM and the assessment of the agility index of a case IAP organization using a GTA.

Cite this Research Publication : Josyula, S.S., Suresh, M. and Raghu Raman, R. (2021), "How to make intelligent automation projects agile? Identification of success factors and an assessment approach", International Journal of Organizational Analysis, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.

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