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Investigation on structural and magnetic properties of Al3+ and Ce3+ doped hexaferrites

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Materials Today: Proceedings, 2019

Source : Materials Today: Proceedings, Elsevier (2019)

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Keywords : coercivity, Combustion technique, Hexaferrites, Hexagonal, SEM, XRD

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering

Department : Mechanical Engineering

Year : 2019

Abstract : Hard magnetic ferrites or Hexa ferrites (AB12O19, A-Ba, Sr, Ca, Pb) are widely used as permanent magnets, in refrigerator seal gaskets, microphones, and speaker gaskets. They can also be used in small motors for cordless appliances and portable magnetic storage devices. In the present research, Al and Ce doped hexaferrites (AB12O19) were chosen and synthesized by combustion technique using the precursors (Sr(NO3)2, Ba(NO3)2, Ca(NO3)2, Fe(NO3)3, Al(NO3)3, Ce(NO3)3) and fuels (C6H8O7, C12H22O11). The prepared powder was calcined at different temperature (800 °C, 900 °C, 1100 °C) for 12 h. Phase identification was done by using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) technique by which phases were confirmed and also the morphological behavior was studied by using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Elemental analysis was done by using Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy. The intrinsic magnetic properties were studied by using Vibrating Sample Magnetometer, and the hexaferrites are found to be affected by partial substitution of Sr and Fe sites by rare earth elements (RE3+) and non-magnetic trivalent Al3+ ions respectively, and it is same in case of BaFe12O19 and CaFe12O19. The insertion of Ce3+ and Al3+ into hexagonal lattice enhances the coercivity due to increase in magneto-crystalline anisotropy or grain refinement. Thus, the hexaferrites are doped by Ce and Al to achieve Sr0.9Ce0.1Fe10Al2O19, Ba0.9Ce0.1Fe10Al12O19, Ca0.9Ce0.1Fe10Al12O19.

Cite this Research Publication : G. Venkatesh, R. Subramanian, T. Satish Kumar, Abuthakir, J., L. Berchmans, J., and Sethupathi, K., “Investigation on structural and magnetic properties of Al3+ and Ce3+ doped hexaferrites”, Materials Today: Proceedings, 2019.

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