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Isolation of Cryptococcus from CSF of HIV positive patients in Rajkot

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences

Publisher : Gujarat Medical Journal,

Source : Gujarat Medical Journal, 2005

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Microbiology

Year : 2005

Abstract : HIV related opportunistic fungal infections (OFIs) continue to cause morbidity and mortality in HIV infected patients. The objective for this prospective study is to elucidate the prevalence and spectrum of common OFIs in HIV/AIDS patients in north India. Relevant clinical samples were collected from symptomatic HIV positive patients (n = 280) of all age groups and both sexes and subjected to direct microscopy and fungal culture. Identification as well as speciation of the fungal isolates was done as per the standard recommended methods. CD4+T cell counts were determined by flow cytometry using Fluorescent Activated Cell Sorter Count system. 215 fungal isolates were isolated with the isolation rate of 41.1%. Candida species (86.5%) were the commonest followed by Aspergillus (6.5%), Cryptococcus (3.3%), Penicillium (1.9%), and Alternaria and Rhodotorula spp. (0.9% each). Among Candida species, Candida albicans (75.8%) was the most prevalent species followed by C. tropicalis (9.7%), C. krusei (6.4%), C. glabrata (4.3%), C. parapsilosis (2.7%), and C. kefyr (1.1%). Study demonstrates that the oropharyngeal candidiasis is the commonest among different OFIs and would help to increase the awareness of clinicians in diagnosis and early treatment of these infections helping in the proper management of the patients especially in resource limited countries like ours.

Cite this Research Publication : Anil V, Kamothi M, Javdekar TB, Kavathia GU. "Isolation of Cryptococcus from CSF of HIV positive patients in Rajkot.", Gujarat Medical Journal, 2005

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