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Laparoscopic right donor nephrectomy: is there a right way?

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences

Publisher : Journal of endourology,

Source : Journal of endourology, Volume 20, Number 5, p.309—311 (2006)

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Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Gastrointestinal Surgery

Year : 2006

Abstract : There is a continuing reluctance among transplant surgeons to procure a right-kidney allograft laparoscopically. We describe our experience with right laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (RLDN) by three techniques.We retrospectively analyzed all seven RLDNs performed at our center from January 2002 to June 2005. The technique used in a particular case depended on the anatomy of the renal vasculature and included transperitoneal (N = 1), retroperitoneoscopic (N = 4), and retroperitoneoscopy-assisted approaches without the use of hand port or other assist devices (N = 2). No stapling or manual-assist devices were used in the last four cases for division of the renal vessels.The mean blood loss, operating time, hospital stay, and serum creatinine concentration on day 7 were 94.3 +/- 46.9 mL (SD), 212.8 +/- 66 minutes, 4.9 +/- 1.9 days, and 1.1 +/- 0.2 mg/dL, respectively. The overall warm ischemia time was 217 +/- 116 seconds. Our preferred technique currently is to go for a total retroperitoneoscopic approach to the right kidney initially. If the renal vein appears short, we make a small subcostal incision to retrieve the kidney openly at this stage (retroperitoneoscopy-assisted approach) with minimal risks to the donor and recipient.Retroperitoneoscopic RLDN performed without hand-assist or stapling devices is safe and cost-effective and yields kidneys with excellent function. Rather than have a fixed approach to RLDN, we suggest a choice depending on the length of the renal vessels observed during surgery.

Cite this Research Publication : Dr. Sudhindran S., Bhat, S., Sanjeevan, K. V., and Sayeed, C. S., “Laparoscopic right donor nephrectomy: is there a right way?”, Journal of endourology, vol. 20, p. 309—311, 2006.

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