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Malignant Gastrointestinal Neuroectodermal Tumour-Case Report with Review of Literature.

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences

Publisher : J Gastrointest Cancer

Source : J Gastrointest Cancer (2021)

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Medical Oncology

Year : 2021

Abstract : Malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor (GNET) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma, previously referred to as clear cell sarcoma-like gastrointestinal tumor (CCSLGT) and also commonly reported in the literature as clear cell sarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract (CCS-GI). The current study reports a case of GNET arising in the stomach of a 17-year-old male, who presented with symptoms of fatigue, anemia and low temperature. Examination with positron emission tomography-computed tomography revealed a soft tissue mass in the gastric antrum. Subsequently, radical distal gastric resection was performed, and the mass measured 6.0×4.0×3.5 cm3. Histopathological analysis revealed that the tumor cells were arranged in nests and focally formed fascicular, pseudopapillary, pseudoalveolar and rosette-like growth patterns. Osteoclast-like giant cells were also observed. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for S-100 protein, vimentin and BCL-2, and negative for HMB45, Melan-A, CD117, CD34 and CD99. Additionally, the osteoclast-like giant cells were positive for CD68. Fluorescence in situ hybridization demonstrated EWSR1 gene rearrangement. After 10 months of follow-up, no evidence of recurrence or metastasis was observed. As GNET is currently classified differently and under various names in the literature, the information provided by this case study and review is predicted to be useful towards the accurate diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of this rare tumor type.

Cite this Research Publication : A. Damle, Sreenija, Y., Mathews, N. Rebecca, Nair, K., Philp, A., Dr. Pavithran K., and Paulose, R. Rachel, “Malignant Gastrointestinal Neuroectodermal Tumour-Case Report with Review of Literature.”, J Gastrointest Cancer, 2021.

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