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Optical Beam Steering Using Vertically Actuated MEMS Grating Coupler

Publication Type : Journal Article

Source : Journal of Lightwave Technology ( Volume: 41, Issue: 23, 01 December 2023)

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Campus : Amritapuri

School : School of Engineering

Department : Electronics and Communication

Verified : No

Year : 2023

Abstract : This work demonstrates a novel MEMS tunable beam divider with vertical actuation and internally positioned grating. The internal placement of the grating within the waveguide core increases the coupling and the ability to change the effective index. The tunable grating coupler has an angular tuning range of ∼7° at 1550 nm wavelength with an actuation voltage of 5 V. It can provide >−4.7 dB coupling to the attached photodiode. The grating coupler has a beam width of ∼0.95° for a 100 μm long grating, and it reduces to ∼0.55° for a 300 μm long grating. Visible and near-infrared transparent materials used in the design allow its integration on the front side of a solar cell for simultaneous energy generation and communication. Keeping the tunable grating coupler on the back side of the solar panel will eliminate the estimated 15% reduction in the solar cell efficiency caused due to front-side integration. This system can co-exist with other radio-based communication transceivers and provide additional bandwidth, redundancy, or LiDAR imaging capability, without adding significant weight or consuming more area.

Cite this Research Publication : J. K. N. and V. Sadasivan, "Optical Beam Steering Using Vertically Actuated MEMS Grating Coupler," in Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 41, no. 23, pp. 7309-7315, 1 Dec.1, 2023, doi: 10.1109/JLT.2023.3326353.

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