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Phase morphology development and melt rheological behavior in nylon 6/polystyrene blends

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Journal of Applied Polymer Science

Source : Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Volume 86, Number 14, p.3537-3555 (2002)

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Keywords : Morphology, nylon, polystyrene, rheology, scanning electron microscopy

Campus : Amritapuri

School : School of Biotechnology

Department : biotechnology

Year : 2002

Abstract : Abstract Phase morphology development in immiscible blends of polystyrene (PS)/nylon 6 was investigated. The blends were prepared by melt blending in a twin-screw extruder. The influence of the blend ratio, rotation speed of the rotors, and time of mixing on the phase morphology of the blends was carefully analyzed. The morphology of the samples was examined under a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the SEM micrographs were quantitatively analyzed for domain-size measurements. From the morphology studies, it is evident that the minor component, whether PS or nylon, forms the dispersed phase, whereas the major component forms the continuous phase. The 50/50 PS/nylon blend exhibits cocontinuous morphology. The continuity of the dispersed phase was estimated quantitatively based on the preferential solvent-extraction technique, which suggested that both phases are almost continuous at a 50/50 blend composition. The effect of the rotor speed on the blend morphology was investigated. It was observed that the most significant breakdown occurred at an increasing rotor speed from 9 to 20 rpm and, thereafter, the domain size remained almost the same even when the rotor speed was increased. The studies on the influence of the mixing time on the blend morphology indicated that the major breakdown of the dispersed phase occurred at the early stages of mixing. The melt rheological behavior of the blend system was studied using a capillary rheometer. The effect of the blend ratio and the shear stress on the melt viscosity of the system was investigated. Melt viscosity decreased with increase in the shear stress, indicating pseudoplastic behavior. With increase of the weight fraction of PS, the melt viscosity of the system decreased. The negative deviation of the measured viscosity from the additivity rule indicated the immiscibility of the blends. The domain size versus the viscosity ratio showed a minimum value when the viscosities of the two phases were matched, in agreement with Wu's prediction. The morphology of the extrudates was analyzed by SEM. From these observations, it was noted that as the shear rate increased the particle size decreased considerably. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 86: 3537–3555, 2002

Cite this Research Publication : Dr. Sobha V. Nair, Oommen, Z., and Thomas, S., “Phase morphology development and melt rheological behavior in nylon 6/polystyrene blends”, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 86, pp. 3537-3555, 2002

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