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Preparation and characterization of silver-poly (vinylidene fluoride) nanocomposites: formation of piezoelectric polymorph of poly (vinylidene fluoride)

Publisher : The Journal of Physical Chemistry B

Campus : Coimbatore

Center : Center for Industrial Research and Innovation (ACIRI)

Year : 2006

Abstract : In situ Ag nanoparticles are produced on reduction of Ag+ with N,N-dimethylformamide in the presence of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVF2). The plasmon band transition is monitored with time in the reaction mixture for three sets of experiments by UV−vis spectroscopy. The plasmon band absorbance increases sigmoidally with log(time). Analysis of the data with the Avrami equation yields an exponent n value between 1.5 and 2.0, indicating two-dimensional nucleation with linear or diffusion controlled growth. The TEM study of the polymer nanocomposites (PNC) indicates both spherical and rodlike morphology for PNC0.5 and PNC2.5 samples, whereas the PNC11 sample has spherical and agglomerated structures (the numerical number associated with PNC indicates percentage (w/w) of Ag in the nanocomposite). The WAXS and FTIR studies indicate the formation of piezoelectric β-polymorphic PVF2 in the nanocomposites. The DSC study indicates some increase of the melting point and enthalpy of fusion of PVF2 in the nanocomposite, although with increase in Ag nanoparticle concentration the increase is smaller. The crystallization temperatures of PNCs also increased, indicating nucleating effect of Ag nanoparticles in the composite. In the TGA curves, the PNCs exhibit a three-step degradation process. The degradation temperatures of PNCs are lower than that of PVF2. The storage modulus data indicate a significant reinforcement of the mechanical property in the PNCs where also the reinforcement effect decreases with increasing nanoparticle concentration. Both the loss modulus and tan δ plots indicate two peaks; the lower temperature peak has been attributed for glass transition temperature, whereas the higher one has been attributed to a similar type relaxation process for the crystalline−amorphous interface. The increase in the glass transition is marginal for the PNCs, but the increase of later transition temperature is somewhat higher. The FTIR study shows that the dipolar interaction of the gt;CF2 dipole with the surface charges of Ag nanoparticle stabilizes the nanoparticle in the nanocomposite.

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