Publication Type : Journal Article
Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences
Publisher : Amrita Journal of Medicine,
Source : Amrita Journal of Medicine, Volume 11, Issue 1 (2016)
Campus : Kochi
School : School of Medicine
Department : Emergency Medicine
Verified : Yes
Year : 2016
Abstract : Hyponatremia, defined as a serum sodium concentration ([Na+]) <135 mEq/L. It is not a disease but rather a pathophysiologic process indicating disturbed water homeostasis. Hyponatremia should be further classified to provide directions for diagnosis and treatment. It is a heterogeneous disorder. The classifications of hyponatremia are commonly based on tonicity and volume status. The initial differentiation in hypotonic and non-hypotonic hyponatremia is important because management is different. Several studies have been conducted previously to measure the incidence of hyponatremia in medically ill patients. Several studies have demonstrated an increased prevalence of hyponatremia in the presence of co-morbid conditions. We conducted this study to bring out various causes of hyponatremia; their relation with sex, age and outcome and hyponatremia's classification and incidence in our hospitalised population.
Cite this Research Publication : A. V., Kumar, A., J., A. Kumar, P., S. T., B., S., Prasad, B., Mohan, N., Karunanidhi, K., Sundaram, K. R., Renjitha Bhaskaran, Menon, P. R., and Gireesh Kumar K. P., “Prevalence of hyponatremia in adult patients presenting with altered sensorium to the emergency department of a tertiary care centre”, Amrita Journal of Medicine, vol. 11, no. 1, 2016.