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Science and engineering of electrospun nanofibers for advances in clean energy, water filtration, and regenerative medicine

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Journal of Materials Science

Source : Journal of Materials Science, Volume 45, Number 23, p.6283-6312 (2010)

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Keywords : Aspect ratio, biology, Chlorophyll, Clean energy, Core/shell, Degree of flexibility, electron transport, Electronic properties, Electrospinning, Electrospun nanofibers, Extracellular matrices, Functional performance, High aspect ratio, High mechanical strength, Light-harvesting, Living organisms, Mechanical properties, Morphology, Nanocomposites, Nanofibers, Polymer-nanocomposite, Polymers, Pore distribution, Porphyrins, Processing technique, Regenerative medicine, Science and engineering, Specific surface area, Spun fiber, Trilayers, Water filtration, water treatment

Campus : Chennai

School : School of Dentistry

Department : Oral Medicine and Radiology

Year : 2010

Abstract : Nanostructured materials with high aspect ratio and one-dimensional (ID) morphology are nature's choices when high degree of functional performances and flexible properties are concerned. Two examples are extracellular matrices in tissues of living organism, and light harvesting rods of the retina and chlorophyll. Electrospinning (E-spinning) is a simple processing technique that allows fabrication of high aspect ratio nanofibers (NFs) in a commercial scale. Electrospun nanofibers (E-spun NFs) combine a number of physical properties such as guided electron transport, strain-induced electronic properties, high mechanical strength, high degree of flexibility, large specific surface area, high electron and thermal diffusivity, and tailorable pore distribution. Our laboratory has been involved in fabrication of E-spun polymeric, inorganic, and polymer-nanocomposite fibers in random, aligned, cross-aligned, sheaths, tubes, yarns, core/shell, and trilayer morphologies. This article focuses on application of the E-spun fibers in the areas of clean energy, water treatment, and regenerative medicine in the authors' laboratory. In addition, the article briefly reviews the progress made in these areas using E-spun NFs. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Cite this Research Publication : S. Ramakrishna, Jose, R., Archana, P. S., A. S. Nair, Venugopal, J., and Teo, W. E., “Science and engineering of electrospun nanofibers for advances in clean energy, water filtration, and regenerative medicine”, Journal of Materials Science, vol. 45, pp. 6283-6312, 2010.

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