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Publication Type : Journal Article
Publisher : MDPI
Source : Processes, 10(10), 2119.
Campus : Coimbatore
School : School of Agricultural Sciences
Year : 2022
Abstract : Annona squamosa L. (custard apple or sugar apple), belonging to the Annonaceae family, is a small tree or shrub that grows natively in subtropical and tropical regions. Seeds of the custard apple have been employed in folk medicines because of the presence of bioactive chemicals/compounds such as alkaloids, flavonoids and phenolic compounds and acetogenins and cyclopeptides that are responsible for various biological activities. The seeds also show the presence of tannins, vitamin C, vitamin E and a higher content of amino acids. From investigations, it has been shown that the seeds of A. squamosa have considerable potential to be used as an antibacterial, hepatoprotective, antioxidant and antitumor/anticancer agent. Cyclosquamosin B, extracted from the custard apple seed, possesses vasorelaxant properties. Tocopherols and fatty acids, notably oleic acid and linoleic acid, are also found in the seed oil. A. squamosa seeds contain a high amount of annonaceous acetogenins compounds, which are potent mitochondrial complex I inhibitors and have high cytotoxicity. A survey primarily based on the nutritional, phytochemical and biological properties showed that A. squamosa seeds can be used for the discovery of novel products, including pharmaceutical drugs. Although there are sufficient in vitro and in vivo experimental investigations supporting the benefits of seeds, clinical investigations/trials are still needed to determine the health contributing benefits of A. squamosa seeds.
Cite this Research Publication : Neeraj Kumari, Suraj Prakash, Manoj Kumar, Radha Radha, Baohong Zhang, Vijay Sheri, Nadeem Rais, Deepak Chandran, Abhijit Dey, Tanmay Sarkar, Sangram Dhumal, Sunil Kumar, Dipendra Kumar Mahato, Marthandan Vishvanathan, Pran Mohankumar, Mirian Pateiro, Jose M. Lorenzo, "Seed waste from custard apple (Annona squamosa L.): A comprehensive insight on bioactive compounds, health promoting activity and safety profile," Processes, 10(10), 2119. DOI:10.3390/pr10102119