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Self-assembled gold nanofilms as a simple, recoverable and recyclable catalyst for nitro-reduction

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : The Royal Society of Chemistry

Source : J. Mater. Chem. A, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Volume 3, p.21167-21177 (2015)

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Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering

Department : Electronics and Communication

Year : 2015

Abstract : Hexaazamacrocycle (L) stabilized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were prepared by combining L with HAuCl4[middle dot]3H2O in a variety of alcohol-water (1 : 1) mixtures. The dual roles of L as a reducing and stabilizing agent were exploited for the synthesis of AuNPs under the optimized ratio of L to Au3+ (2 : 1). Self-assembled gold nanofilms (AuNFs) were constructed at liquid-liquid interfaces by adding equal volumes of hexane to the dispersions of AuNPs in the alcohol-water systems. The nanofilms were formed spontaneously by shaking the two-phase mixture for a minute followed by standing. The alcohols explored for the self-assembly phenomenon were methanol{,} ethanol{,} i-propanol and t-butanol. The systems containing methanol or t-butanol resulted in AuNFs at the interfaces{,} whereas the other two alcohols were found not suitable and the AuNPs remained dispersed in the corresponding alcohol-water medium. The AuNFs prepared under suitable conditions were coated on a variety of surfaces by the dip and lift-off method/solvent removal approach. The AuNFs were characterized by UV-vis{,} SEM{,} TEM{,} AFM and contact angle measurement techniques. A coated glass-vial or cuvette was used as a catalytic reservoir for nitro-reduction reactions under ambient and aqueous conditions using NaBH4 as the reducing agent. The reduced products (amines) were extracted by aqueous work-up using ethyl acetate followed by evaporation of the organic layer; the isolated products required no further purification. The catalyst was recovered by simply decanting the reaction mixture whereupon the isolated catalyst remained coated inside the vessel. The recovered catalyst was found to be equally efficient for further catalytic cycles.

Cite this Research Publication : M. Mohan, Mohan, N., Chand, D. Kumar, and Dr. Madhu Mohan N., “Self-assembled gold nanofilms as a simple, recoverable and recyclable catalyst for nitro-reduction”, J. Mater. Chem. A, vol. 3, pp. 21167-21177, 2015.

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