Publication Type : Journal Article
Publisher : International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management
Source : International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management (2020)
Url : https://doi.org/10.1108/IJQRM-01-2020-0014
Campus : Coimbatore
School : School of Engineering
Department : Mathematics
Verified : Yes
Year : 2020
Abstract : Purpose
While Six Sigma metrics have been studied by researchers in detail for normal distribution-based data, in this paper, we have attempted to study the Six Sigma metrics for two-parameter Weibull distribution that is useful in many life test data analyses.
In the theory of Six Sigma, most of the processes are assumed normal and Six Sigma metrics are determined for such a process of interest. In reliability studies non-normal distributions are more appropriate for life tests. In this paper, a theoretical procedure is developed for determining Six Sigma metrics when the underlying process follows two-parameter Weibull distribution. Numerical evaluations are also considered to study the proposed method.
In this paper, by matching the probabilities under different normal process-based sigma quality levels (SQLs), we first determined the Six Sigma specification limits (Lower and Upper Six Sigma Limits- LSSL and USSL) for the two-parameter Weibull distribution by setting different values for the shape parameter and the scaling parameter. Then, the lower SQL (LSQL) and upper SQL (USQL) values are obtained for the Weibull distribution with centered and shifted cases. We presented numerical results for Six Sigma metrics of Weibull distribution with different parameter settings. We also simulated a set of 1,000 values from this Weibull distribution for both centered and shifted cases to evaluate the Six Sigma performance metrics. It is found that the SQLs under two-parameter Weibull distribution are slightly lesser than those when the process is assumed normal.
The theoretical approach proposed for determining Six Sigma metrics for Weibull distribution is new to the Six Sigma Quality practitioners who commonly deal with normal process or normal approximation to non-normal processes. The procedure developed here is, in fact, used to first determine LSSL and USSL followed by which LSQL and USQL are obtained. This in turn has helped to compute the Six Sigma metrics such as defects per million opportunities (DPMOs) and the parts that are extremely good per million opportunities (EGPMOs) under two-parameter Weibull distribution for lower-the-better (LTB) and higher-the-better (HTB) quality characteristics. We believe that this approach is quite new to the practitioners, and it is not only useful to the practitioners but will also serve to motivate the researchers to do more work in this field of research.
Cite this Research Publication : Niveditha A. and Dr. Ravichandran J., “Six Sigma quality evaluation of life test data based on Weibull distribution”, International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 2020.