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Spontaneous Bilateral Adrenal Hemorrhage of Pregnancy

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences

Publisher : International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology

Source : International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Volume 6, Number 2, p.772–775} doi = {10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20170423 (2017)

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Keywords : Adrenal, Cortisol, Hemorrhage, Pregnancy

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Department : Department of Endocrinology

Year : 2017

Abstract : Spontaneous adrenal hemorrhage of pregnancy is an acute hemorrhage into the adrenal gland in pregnancy in the absence of trauma, tumor or decoagulant therapy. This can have catastrophic consequences on the mother and the baby and if the hemorrhage involves both the adrenal glands the risk is aggravated because of the high incidence of resulting adrenal insufficiency. We report a case of spontaneous bilateral adrenal hemorrhage in pregnancy resulting in adrenal crisis. A 26 year old primigravida presented at 32 weeks of gestation initially with right sided infrascapular pain and one month later with similar pain in the left side associated with high blood pressure. Imaging with ultrasound and MRI was suggestive of bilateral adrenal mass probably hemorrhage; 2 days following the second episode of pain she developed drowsiness and hypotension and a diagnosis of primary adrenal insufficiency was confirmed by a low serum cortisol and high ACTH. She stabilized with hydrocortisone therapy and the fetus was closely monitored. At 37 weeks she had a normal vaginal delivery under steroid cover. Repeat MRI abdomen 3 months after delivery showed resolution of the hemorrhage but biochemically she continued to be cortisol insufficient at 1 year of follow up. Prompt diagnosis of adrenal hemorrhage in pregnancy and treatment of adrenal insufficiency along with close fetal monitoring usually results in good perinatal outcome in spontaneous adrenal hemorrhage of pregnancy.

Cite this Research Publication : K. Jonnalagadda, Bhavani, N., Pavithran, P., Kumar, H., Menon, U., and R., C., “Spontaneous Bilateral Adrenal Hemorrhage of Pregnancy”, International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 6, pp. 772–775} doi = {10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20170423, 2017.

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