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Surfactant-assisted Synthesis of Porous TiO2 Nanofibers as an Anode Material for Secondary Lithium ion Batteries

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine

Publisher : Sustainable Energy and Fuels

Source : Sustainable Energy and Fuels, Volume 1, p.138-144 (2017)

Campus : Kochi

School : Center for Nanosciences

Center : Amrita Center for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine Move, Nanosciences

Department : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine, Nanosciences

Year : 2017

Abstract : An optimized amount of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a surfactant was used for the first time to fabricate porous TiO2 nanofibers by an electrospinning technique combined with post-annealing at 500 °C for 5 h in air medium. The fabricated porous TiO2 nanofibers were systematically characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, surface area measurements and electrochemical testing. The porous TiO2 nanofibers contained numerous surface pores with an average diameter of ∼80–90 nm. As an anode, the porous TiO2 nanofiber electrode delivered not only a high reversible capacity and excellent cycle stability over 100 cycles but also excellent rate capability at various current rates in comparison to control TiO2 nanofibers (prepared in the absence of CTAB). The rapid transportation of lithium ions and reduced lithium ion diffusion length probably are responsible for the improved electrochemical performances of the porous TiO2 nanofiber electrode synthesized in the presence of the CTAB surfactant.

Cite this Research Publication : D. T.D., S., M., Shantikumar V Nair, and A.K., R., “Surfactant-assisted Synthesis of Porous TiO2 Nanofibers as an Anode Material for Secondary Lithium ion Batteries”, Sustainable Energy and Fuels, vol. 1, pp. 138-144, 2017.

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