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Toward Postgenomics Ophthalmology: A Proteomic Map of the Human Choroid-Retinal Pigment Epithelium Tissue.

Publication Type : Journal Article

Thematic Areas : Biotech

Publisher : OMICS

Source : OMICS, Volume 21, Issue 2, p.114-122 (2017)

Keywords : Choroid, Humans, Ophthalmology, Precision Medicine, proteomics, Retinal Pigment Epithelium

Campus : Amritapuri

School : School of Biotechnology

Center : Cell Biology

Department : biotechnology

Year : 2017

Abstract : Ophthalmology and visual health research have received relatively limited attention from the personalized medicine community, but this trend is rapidly changing. Postgenomics technologies such as proteomics are being utilized to establish a baseline biological variation map of the human eye and related tissues. In this context, the choroid is the vascular layer situated between the outer sclera and the inner retina. The choroidal circulation serves the photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The RPE is a layer of cuboidal epithelial cells adjacent to the neurosensory retina and maintains the outer limit of the blood-retina barrier. Abnormal changes in choroid-RPE layers have been associated with age-related macular degeneration. We report here the proteome of the healthy human choroid-RPE complex, using reverse phase liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry-based proteomics. A total of 5309 nonredundant proteins were identified. Functional analysis of the identified proteins further pointed to molecular targets related to protein metabolism, regulation of nucleic acid metabolism, transport, cell growth, and/or maintenance and immune response. The top canonical pathways in which the choroid proteins participated were integrin signaling, mitochondrial dysfunction, regulation of eIF4 and p70S6K signaling, and clathrin-mediated endocytosis signaling. This study illustrates the largest number of proteins identified in human choroid-RPE complex to date and might serve as a valuable resource for future investigations and biomarker discovery in support of postgenomics ophthalmology and precision medicine

Cite this Research Publication : M. Dammalli, Murthy, K. R., Pinto, S. M., Murthy, K. Babu, Nirujogi, R. Sekhar, Madugundu, A. K., Dey, G., Nair, B., Gowda, H., and Prasad, T. Subrahmany, “Toward Postgenomics Ophthalmology: A Proteomic Map of the Human Choroid-Retinal Pigment Epithelium Tissue.”, OMICS, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 114-122, 2017.

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