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ZnS buffer layer for Cu 2 ZnSn (SSe) 4 monograin layer solar cell

Publisher : Solar Energy

Campus : Coimbatore

Center : Center for Industrial Research and Innovation (ACIRI)

Year : 2015

Abstract : Abstract Copper zinc tin sulfo-selenide Cu2ZnSn(SSe)4 (CZTSSe) is a low-cost alternative semiconductor material that can be used as an absorber in solar cells. CdS deposited by chemical bath deposition (CBD) is the most efficient buffer layer for Cu2ZnSn(SSe)4 and Cu(InGa)(SSe)2 (CIGS) solar cells. However, there is a strong demand for the development of a Cd-free buffer layer due to the toxicity of Cd and its associated concerns with respect to the disposal and long term safety of Cd containing solar modules. In this work, we report for the first time, the successful use of a ZnS buffer layer for {CZTSSe} monograin solar cell that shows similar functionality level as a CdS buffer layer. ZnS buffer layer was deposited onto {CZTSSe} absorber layer by employing a scalable non-vacuum {CBD} method. The effect of morphology, thickness, as well as chemical composition of the ZnS buffer layer on the efficiency of the {CZTSSe} solar cell was investigated, and the best {CZTSSe} monograin solar cell had an efficiency of 4.50 (±0.16)%. External quantum efficiency (EQE) showed higher transmission in the blue light region for the ZnS buffer compared to CdS. Increased number of ZnS layers decreased the {EQE} signal in 400–800 nm regions, resulting in decreased J–V parameters, suggesting a single layer of 10–25 nm ZnS as a most efficient alternative buffer for CZTSSe.

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