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Course Detail

Course Name Advanced Solar Cell Fabrication
Course Code 22PHY544
Credits 3


Unit 1

Learning objectives
Basic understanding of Si solar cell
Know about different type of solar energy harvesting
Developing knowledge on semiconductor physics for PV applications
Basic understanding of Solar PV

The Solar Resource and types of solar energy converters, Requirements of an ideal photoconverter, Principles of a solar cell design, material and design issues; Revisions of Semiconductor Physics, Physics of semiconductor Junctions; p-n junction under dark and under illumination, effect on junction characteristics, Other device structures. Photovoltaic cell and power generation, Characteristic of the Photovoltaic Cell.

Unit 2

Learning objectives
Basic knowledge on Si sollar cell
Single crystal Si solar cell structure
Single crystal Si sollar cell Fabrication
Basic knowledge on thin film solar cell
Knowledge on CIGS solar cell
Knowledge on CdTe solar cell

Silicon Solar cell, Mono -crystalline and poly–crystalline cells, Metallurgical Grade Si, Electronic Grade Si, wafer production, Mono–crystalline Si Ingots, Poly–crystalline Si Ingots, Si–wafers, Si–sheets, Solar grade Silicon, Si usage in solar PV, Commercial Si solar cells, process flow of commercial Si cell technology, Process in solar cell technologies, Sawing and surface texturing, diffusion process, thin film layers, Metal contact..

Unit 3

Learning objective
Explain the concept of center of mass for system of particles and conservation of both linear and angular momenta
Differentiate between elastic and inelastic collision and solve problems related to collision
Analyze rocket motion as an example for system of variable mass
Analyze rotational motion of bodies through rotational variables

Centre of Mass, Conservation of linear momentum, collisions, and systems with variable mass. Torque, Angular momentum, Moment of Inertia, Conservation of Angular momentum, Kinetic Energy of Rotation.

Unit 4

Learning objectives
Basic Knowledge on Thin Film Solar cell

2nd generation solar cell, Thin film solar cell, Advantage of thin film, Thin film deposition techniques, Evaporation, Sputtering, LPCVD and APCVD, Plasma Enhanced, Hot Wire CVD, closed space sublimation, Ion Assisted Deposition, Substrate and Super -state configuration, Thin film module manufacturing, Thin film and Amorphous Si Solar cell, Cadmium Telluride Solar Cell, CIGS solar Cell, CZTS solar cell, New materials for thin film solar cell.
Optics in solar energy conversion: antireflection coatings, concentration of light: Light confinement, photon recycling, multiple exciton generation.

Unit 5

Learning objectives
Development of expertise on device fabrication

Hand on experience on solar cell fabrication, DSSC fabrication, Perovskite solar cell fabrication, Thin film solar cell fabrication.

Objectives & Outcomes

Prerequisites: Preliminary concept of semiconductor physics and light mater interaction

Course Objectives
This course is developed to educate the student on recent trends in solar cell fabrication and the device structure. So the student should learn the different techniques of solar cell fabrication from materials to devices.

Course Outcomes
At the end of the course students will be able to

CO1 Different methods of solar energy harvesting like solar thermal power and solar PV.
CO2: Working principle of solar PV, physics behind photocurrent and photovoltage generation in the solar cell.
CO3: Fabrication of different types of solar cell and methods to enhance solar cell efficiency.
CO4: Recent trends and current research focus on solar cell fabrication.
CO5: Hands-on Experience on Fabrication of solar cell, characterization of solar cell.

Skills: Fabrication of solar cell, characterization of solar cell

CO-PO Mapping

CO1 3 3 3
CO2 3 3 3
CO3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
CO4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
CO5 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

Suggested Reading

  1. Physics of Solar cells-Jenny Nelson, Imperial College Press (2006)
  2. Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells, by A. Goetzberger, J. Knobloc h, and B. Voss (Wiley, 1998)
  3. Third Generation Photovoltaics: Advanced Solar Energy Conversion, by M. A. Green (Springer, 2006)
  4. Semiconductor Materials for Solar Photovoltaic Cells; Paranthaman, M. P. (et al.) (Eds.) (2016)

Evaluation pattern

Assessment Internal External Semester
Periodical 1 (P1) 15
Periodical 2 (P2) 15
*Continuous Assessment (CA) 20
End Semester 50

Justification for CO-PO Mapping

Mapping Justification Affinity level
CO1-CO 5 to PO1 and PSO 1 This course delivers the understanding of solar energy harvesting with the objective of building strong core knowledge; hence, all the course outcomes have very strong affinity to PO1 and PSO 1, which is about building fundamentals in science and creating inquitiveness problem-solving in a scientific way. 2
CO1-CO5-PO2 This course is building core fundamentals on the solar energy harvesting; hence, all the course outcomes have a very high affinity to PO2, which is about building critical thinking. 3
CO3-CO5 –PSO2 These course out comes take care to develope the knowledge of solar cell fabrication, so they are strongly bound to the development of research skills on the student and PSO2 3
CO3-CO5 – PO3 and PSO3 As these CO’s are developed the the experimental skill of the student for solar cell fabrications, all the course outcomes have very high affinity to PO2 and PSO 2, which is about developing problem solving culture and translational research 3
CO3-CO5 – PO4 This course outcomes deals with the recent trends of the solar cell research and hands-on experience so the student can enhance the quality of the research, so these cos are strongly bound to the PO4. 3

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