Introduction to Bioinformatics: Definition - Importance and Uses of Bioinformatics-Information Technology - Systems Biology.
Introduction to Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA as Genetic Materials - Structure of Nucleic Acids - Nucleosides and Nucleotides - DNA Double Helix. Central Dogma of Molecular Biology - Nature of Genetic Code - Deciphering Genetic Code - Wobble Hypothesis - Universalities and Exceptions. Applications of Data Mining to Bioinformatics Problems - Biological Data – Databases -Protein Sequencing - Nucleic Acid Sequencing - Sequence to Structure Relationship.
Bioinformatics Software: Clustal V - Clustal W 1.7 - RasMol – Oligo – Molscript – Treeview – Alscript - Genetic Analysis Software- Phylip.
Biocomputing: Introduction to String Matching Algorithms - Database Search Techniques -Sequence Comparison and Alignment Techniques - Use of Biochemical Scoring Matrices –Introduction to Graph Matching Algorithms - Automated Genome Comparison and its Implication - Automated Gene Prediction - Automated Identification of Bacterial Operons and Pathways - Introduction to Signaling Pathways and Pathway Regulation. Gene Arrays - Analysis of Gene Arrays - Machine Learning Methods in Bioinformatics - Hidden Markov models - Applications of HMM in gene identification and Profiles HMMs - Neural Networks and Support Vector machines.