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Course Detail

Course Name Concepts of Nanophysics and Nanotechnology
Course Code 19PHY341
Program B. Tech. in Computer and Communication Engineering
Year Taught 2019


Unit 1


Introduction to nanotechnology, comparison of bulk and nanomaterials – change in band gap and large surface to volume ratio, classification of nanostructured materials. Synthesis of nanomaterials – classification of fabrication methods – top down and bottom up methods.

Concept of quantum confinement and phonon confinement

Basic concepts – excitons, effective mass, free electron theory and its features, band structure of solids. Bulk to nano transition – density of states, potential well – quantum confinement effect – weak and strong confinement regime. Electron confinement in infinitely deep square well, confinement in two and three dimension. Blue shift of band gap – effective mass approximation. Vibrational properties of solids – phonon confinement effect and presence of surface modes.

Unit 2

Tools for characterization:

Structural – X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope,scanning tunneling microscope, atomic force microscope. Optical – UV – visible absorption and photoluminescence techniques, Raman spectroscopy.

Nanoscale materials – properties and applications:

Carbon nanostructures – structure, electrical, vibration and mechanical properties. Applications of carbon nanotubes

Unit 3

Field emission and shielding – computers – fuel cells – chemical sensors – catalysis – mechanical reinforcement. Quantum dots and Magnetic nanomaterials – applications.

Nanoelectronics and nanodevices:

Impact of nanotechnology on conventional electronics. Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMSs) – fabrication (lithography) and applications. Nanodevices – resonant tunneling diode, quantum cascade lasers, single electron transistors – operating principles and applications.



  • Robert W. Kelsall, Ian W. Hamley and Mark Geoghegan, Nanoscale Science and Technology, John Wiley and Sons Ltd 2004.
  • W. R. Fahrner (Ed.), Nanotechnology and Nanoelectronics, Springer 2006.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment Internal External
Periodical 1 (P1) 15
Periodical 2 (P2) 15
*Continuous Assessment (CA) 20
End Semester 50
*CA – Can be Quizzes, Assignment, Projects, and Reports.


Course Outcomes

  • CO1: Understand, Comprehend and acquaint with concepts of NanoPhysics
  • CO2: To familiarize the material’s property changes with respect to the dimensional confinements.
  • CO3: Acquire knowledge on the modern preparation process and analysis involved in the nanomaterial’s research
  • CO4: To learn about the technological advancements of the nano-structural materials and devices in the engineering applications

CO – PO Mapping

PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO11 PO12 PSO1 PSO2
CO1 3 2
CO2 2 3
CO3 3
CO4 3 2 1

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