Introduction to Human Body (10 hours)
Definition and scope of anatomy and physiology, levels of structural organization and body systems, basic life processes, homeostasis, basic anatomical terminology.
Cellular Level of Organization
Structure and functions of cell, transport across cell membrane, cell division, cell junctions. General principles of cell communication, intracellular signaling pathway activation by extracellular signal mol- ecule, Forms of intracellular signaling: a) Contact-dependent b) Paracrine c) Synaptic d) Endocrine
Tissue Level of Organization
Classification of tissues, structure, location and functions of epithelial, muscular and nervous and con- nective tissues.
Integumentary System (10 hours)
Structure and functions of skin
Divisions of skeletal system, types of bone, salient features and functions of bones of axial and appen- dicular skeletal system
Organization of skeletal muscle, physiology of muscle contraction, neuromuscular junction
Structural and functional classification, types of joints movements and its articulation
Body fluids and blood (10 hours)
Body fluids, composition and functions of blood, hemopoeisis, formation of hemoglobin, anemia, mechanisms of coagulation, blood grouping, Rh factors, transfusion, its significance and disorders of blood, Reticulo endothelial system.
Lymphatic organs and tissues, lymphatic vessels, lymph circulation and functions of lymphatic system
Peripheral nervous system (08 hours)
Classification of peripheral nervous system: Structure and functions of sympathetic and parasympa- thetic nervous system.
Origin and functions of spinal and cranial nerves.
Structure and functions of eye, ear, nose and tongue and their disorders.
Cardiovascular system (07 hours)
Heart – anatomy of heart, blood circulation, blood vessels, structure and functions of artery, vein and capillaries, elements of conduction system of heart and heart beat, its regulation by autonomic nervous system, cardiac output, cardiac cycle. Regulation of blood pressure, pulse, electrocardiogram and disorders of heart.
‘Human Anatomy and Physiology I – Theory’ is a course offered in the first semester of B. Pharm program at School of Pharmacy, Health Sciences campus, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.
Scope and Objectives
This subject is designed to impart fundamental knowledge on the structure and functions of the various systems of the human body. It also helps in understanding both homeostatic mechanisms. The subject provides the basic knowledge required to understand the various disciplines of pharmacy.
Upon completion of this course the student should be able to
- Explain the gross morphology, structure and functions of various organs of the human body.
- Describe the various homeostatic mechanisms and their imbalances.
- Identify the various tissues and organs of different systems of human body.
- Perform the various experiments related to special senses and nervous system.
- Appreciate coordinated working pattern of different organs of each system