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Unit 1

Error Analysis and Sampling: Accuracy – Precision – Classification of Errors – Minimization of errors – Standard deviation – Coefficient of variance – F-test – t-test – Significant figures. Sampling – Basis of sampling, Sampling and physical state – Safety measures of sampling.

Separation Techniques: Brief out line of column, paper and thin layer chromatography – Ion exchange methods – principle and application – HPLC.

Unit 2

Gas chromatography – principle and applications – gel chromatography.

Electroanalytical techniques: Potentiometry – Potentiometric titration – determination of equivalence point – acid base, complexometric, redox and precipitation titrations – merits and demerits. Voltammetry – Cyclic voltammetry – basic principle and application – Polarography – introduction – theoretical principles – migration current – residual current – half wave potential – instrumentation – analytical applications.

Unit 3

Spectro-chemical techniques: UV-VIS spetrophotometry – principle – Beer’s Law application – photometric titration – single and double beam spectrophotometer – instrumentation of IR – sample handling – IR applications – H – NMR – Instrumentation and applications – principle – instrumentation – applications of atomic absorption spectroscopy.

Thermal and Diffraction techniques: Principles and applications of DTG – DTA – DSC – X-ray – Electron Diffraction Studies – SEM, TEM.

Text Books

  1. Willard H W, Merritt J R, “Instrumental Methods of Analysis”, 6th edition, Prentice Hall, (1986).
  2. Skoog Douglas A, West Donald, “Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry”, 7th edition, New York Addison, Wesley, (2001).


  • “Vogel’s Textbook of Quantitative Chemical Analysis”, 5th edition, ELBS, (1989).
  • Kaur. H, “Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis”, Goel Publisher, (2001).

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