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Course Detail

Course Name Introduction to Philosophical Thinking in India
Course Code 21PHL501
Program M.A. in Philosophy
Semester One
Credits 4


Unit I

Nature of Indian Philosophy: Plurality as well as Common Concerns.
Basic Concepts of the Vedic and Upanisadic World-Views: Rta (the Cosmic Order), The Divine and the Human Realms, The Centrality of the Institution of Yajna (Sacrifice- Pancamahayajnas), Rna (duty or obligation)

Unit II

Atman (Various states): The Concept of Atman and its relevance in Indian Philosophical Tradition, Jagrt, Svapna, Susupti, Turiya.
Brahman: The Concept of Brahman, Narrations of Brahman from Various Sources, Sreyas, Preyas, Karma, and Samsara.

Unit III

Classification of Indian Philosophy: Orthodox and Heterodox Schools of Indian Philosophy.
Historical Development in: Carvaka School, Jainism, and Buddhism

Unit IV

Historical Development and Fundamental Aspects of: Nyaya, Vaisesika, Sankhya, Yoga, Mimamsa and Advaita Schools of Indian Philosophy

Unit V

Mukti: The Concept of Mukti/Moksha in – Carvaka School, Jainism, Buddhism, Nyaya, Vaisesika, Sankhya, Yoga, Mimamsa and Advaita Schools of Indian Philosophy

Course Overview

“Introduction to Philosophical Thinking in India and Europe” is a course offered to S1 MA Philosophy students. It aims to provide an introduction to Indian Philosophical systems in general. The course provides a general understanding on the cosmic order of the world from Indian perspective with its historical developments. This course will help the students (including students whose Under Grad is in other discipline) to get a clear understanding on the basics of Indian Philosophical traditions.

17PHL501 Course Outcomes (CO)

CO1: Understand the general features of Indian Philosophy
CO2: To get a historical understanding on the systems of Philosophy
CO3: To analyze the general features of Philosophy by comparing various Indian Philosophical traditions
CO4: To develop a culture of critical and analytical thinking


1, Hiriyanna, M. Outlines of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass,      1992. English.
2, Hiriyanna, M. Essentials of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1948. English. (Text Book)
3, Jadunadh Sinha. History of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1973. English.
4, C. D. Sharma. A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: Orient Book Distributors, 1971. English.
5, S. N. Dasgupta. A History of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1997. English.

CO – PO Affinity Map



CO1 3 2 1 3
CO2 3 1 1
CO3 1 1 2
CO4 3 3

3 – strong, 2 – moderate, 1 – weak

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