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Course Detail

Course Name Metallurgy and Materials Science
Course Code 19MEE204
Program B. Tech. in Mechanical Engineering
Semester Three
Year Taught 2019


Unit 1

Basic principles of crystalline materials, classification of metallic materials, Structure of Crystalline Solids – Crystal Systems – unit cells – Metallic Crystal Structures – Miller indices – Crystallographic planes and directions – Linear and Planar Atomic Densities – Imperfections in Solids: Point – Linear – Interfacial defects.
Elastic, Anelastic and Plastic behaviour. Mechanical properties – stress-strain curves for ductile and brittle alloys. Ductility – Resilience -toughness. Hardnesstesting. Dislocations and plastic deformation. Slip phenomenon. Slip in single crystals.

Unit 2

Constitution of alloys-solid solutions, intermetallic compound, Hume-Rothery rule. Phase diagram-phase rule, lever principle, isomorphous, eutectic, peritectic and eutectoid reactions. Iron-Carbon phase diagram, equilibrium and non- equilibrium cooling in solid state, isothermal transformation, martensite and bainite reactions Strengthening mechanisms – grain boundary hardening, solution hardening, work hardening, Ductile and Brittle Fracture – fracture mechanics. Impact testing. Ductile – brittle transition. Fatigue and creep properties.

Unit 3

Heat treatment of steels: annealing, normalizing, hardening and tempering. Heat treatment of tool and die steels. Hardenability, its testing and simple problems related to materials selection. Surface hardening of steels – carburizing, nitriding, carbo-nitriding, induction method.
Classification of cast iron and steels – properties, microstructures and uses of cast irons, plain carbon, alloy, stainless, heat resistant, tool and die steels. Composition, properties, microstructures and uses of non-ferrous alloys – brass, bronze, aluminium, magnesium, nickel and zinc alloys. Introduction to light alloys, ceramicsand electronic materials. Introduction to materials design-material selection –processing concept, case study

Objectives and Outcomes

Course Objectives

  • To impart knowledge on fundamental concepts of crystalline materials, structure and mechanical behaviour of materials
  • To familiarize various phases and phase diagrams of metal and alloys and crystalline defects.
  • To facilitate an understanding of various strengthening mechanisms, heat treatment, for specific materials and requirements
  • To familiarize with the properties and applications of non-ferrous materials, light materials and advanced materials

Course Outcomes

  • CO1: Understand the structure and properties of various materials
  • CO2: Analyze the various modes of imperfections and failure in solids and methods to strengthen it.
  • CO3: Understand the phase diagrams of metallic materials
  • CO4: Comprehend the effect of mechanical properties by heat treatment processes.
  • CO5: Select ferrous, non-ferrous, and advanced materials for various applications.

CO – PO Mapping

CO1 1 2 3 1
CO2 3 2 2 3
CO3 3 3 2 3
CO4 3 2 1 2 3
CO5 3 2 1 2 3

Textbook / References


  • Callister W. D. – ‘Materials Science and Engineering’ – John Wiley & Sons – 2010 – 8th Edition


  • Avner S. H. – ‘Physical Metallurgy’ – McGraw Hill Education – 2000 – 2nd Edition
  • Shackelford J. F. – ‘Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers’ – Prentice Hall 2014 – 8th Edition
  • JavedHashemi, Smith F. W. – ‘Foundations of Materials Science and Engineering’ – McGraw Hill Education – 2010 – 5th Edition.
  • Dieter G. E. – ‘Mechanical Metallurgy’- Tata McGraw Hill – 2013 – 3rd Edition.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment Internal External
Periodical 1 15
Periodical 2 15
*Continuous Assessment (CA) 20
End Semester 50
*CA – Can be Quizzes, Assignment, Projects, and Reports.

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