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Course Detail

Course Name Pharmaceutical Biotechnology – Theory
Course Code BP605T
Program B. Pharm. (Regular/ Lateral)
Semester Six
Credits 4
Year Taught 2014 , 2015 , 2016 , 2017 , 2018


Unit I
  1. Brief introduction to Biotechnology with reference to Pharmaceutical Sciences.
  2. Enzyme Biotechnology- Methods of enzyme immobilization and applications.
  3. Biosensors- Working and applications of biosensors in Pharmaceutical Industries.
  4. Brief introduction to Protein Engineering.
  5. Use of microbes in industry. Production of Enzymes- General consideration – Amylase, Catalase, Peroxidase, Lipase, Protease, Penicillinase.
  6. Basic principles of genetic engineering.

(10 Hours)

Unit II
  1. Study of cloning vectors, restriction endonucleases and DNA ligase.
  2. Recombinant DNA technology. Application of genetic engineering in medicine.
  3. Application of r DNA technology and genetic engineering in the production of:
    i) Interferon ii) Vaccines- hepatitis- B iii) Hormones-Insulin.
  4. Brief introduction to PCR

(07 Hours)

Unit III

Types of immunity- humoral immunity, cellular immunity

  1. Structure of Immunoglobulins
  2. Structure and Function of MHC
  3. Hypersensitivity reactions, Immune stimulation and Immune suppressions.
  4. General method of the preparation of bacterial vaccines, toxoids, viral vaccine, antitoxins, serum-im- mune blood derivatives and other products relative to immunity.
  5. Storage conditions and stability of official vaccines
  6. Hybridoma technology- Production, Purification and Applications
  7. Blood products and Plasma Substituties.

(10 Hours)

Unit IV
  1. Immuno blotting techniques- ELISA, Western blotting, Southern blotting.
  2. Genetic organization of Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes
  3. Microbial genetics including transformation, transduction, conjugation, plasmids and transposons.
  4. Introduction to Microbial biotransformation and applications.
  5. Mutation: Types of mutation/mutants.

(08 Hours)

Unit V
  1. Fermentation methods and general requirements, study of media, equipments, sterilization methods, aeration process, stirring.
  2. Large scale production fermenter design and its various controls.
  3. Study of the production of – penicillins, citric acid, Vitamin B12, Glutamic acid, Griseofulvin,
  4. Blood Products: Collection, Processing and Storage of whole human blood, dried human plasma, plasma Substituties.

(07 Hours)


‘Pharmaceutical Biotechnology – Theory’ is a course offered in the sixth semester of B. Pharm program at School of Pharmacy, Health Sciences campus, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.

Scope & Objectives

Course Duration: 45 Hours

  • Biotechnology has a long promise to revolutionize the biological sciences and technology.
  • Scientific application of biotechnology in the field of genetic engineering, medicine and fermentation technology makes the subject interesting.
  • Biotechnology is leading to new biological revolutions in diagnosis, prevention and cure of diseases, new and cheaper pharmaceutical drugs.
  • Biotechnology has already produced transgenic crops and animals and the future promises lot more.
  • It is basically a research-based subject.


Upon completion of the subject student shall be able to;

  1. Understanding the importance of Immobilized enzymes in Pharmaceutical Industries
  2. Genetic engineering applications in relation to production of pharmaceuticals
  3. Importance of Monoclonal antibodies in Industries
  4. Appreciate the use of microorganisms in fermentation technology


Recommended Books (Latest Editions)

  1. B.R. Glick and J.J. Pasternak: Molecular Biotechnology: Principles and Applications of Recombi- nantDNA: ASM Press Washington D.C.
  2. RA Goldshy et. al., : Kuby Immunology.
  3. J.W. Goding: Monoclonal Antibodies.
  4. J.M. Walker and E.B. Gingold: Molecular Biology and Biotechnology by Royal Society of Chemistry.
  5. Zaborsky: Immobilized Enzymes, CRC Press, Degraland, Ohio.
  6. S.B. Primrose: Molecular Biotechnology (Second Edition) Blackwell Scientific Publication.
  7. Stanbury F., P., Whitakar A., and Hall J., S., Principles of fermentation technology, 2nd edition, Adi- tya books Ltd., New Delhi

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