Unit I (07 Hours)
General methods of preparation and reactions of compounds superscripted with asterisk (*) to be explained
To emphasize on definition, types, classification, principles/mechanisms, applications, examples and differences
Classification, nomenclature and isomerism
Classification of Organic Compounds
Common and IUPAC systems of nomenclature of organic compounds
(up to 10 Carbons open chain and carbocyclic compounds)
Structural isomerisms in organic compounds
Unit II (10 Hours)
Alkanes*, Alkenes* and Conjugated dienes*:
SP3 hybridization in alkanes, Halogenation of alkanes, uses of paraffins.
Stabilities of alkenes, SP2 hybridization in alkenes
E1 and E2 reactions – kinetics, order of reactivity of alkyl halides, rearrangement of carbocations, Saytzeffs orientation and evidences. E1 verses E2 reactions, Factors affecting E1 and E2 reactions.
Ozonolysis, electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes, Markownikoff ’s orientation, free radical addi- tion reactions of alkenes, Anti Markownikoff ’s orientation.
Stability of conjugated dienes, Diel-Alder, electrophilic addition, free radical addition reactions of conjugated dienes, allylic rearrangement
Energetics: Formation and role of ATP, Creatinine Phosphate and BMR.
Unit III (10 Hours)
Alkyl halides*: Qualitative tests, Structure and uses of Ethyl alcohol, Methyl alcohol, chlorobutanol, Ce- tosteryl alcohol, Benzyl alcohol, Glycerol, Propylene glycol
Unit IV (10 Hours)
Carbonyl compounds* (Aldehydes and ketones): Nucleophilic addition, Electromeric effect, aldol condensation, Crossed Aldol condensation, Canniz- zaro reaction, Crossed Cannizzaro reaction, Benzoin condensation, Perkin condensation, qualitative tests, Structure and uses of Formaldehyde, Paraldehyde, Acetone, Chloral hydrate, Hexamine, Benz- aldehyde, Vanilin, Cinnamaldehyde.
Unit V (08 Hours)
Carboxylic acids*: Acidity of carboxylic acids, effect of substituents on acidity, inductive effect and qualitative tests for carboxylic acids, amide and ester
Structure and Uses of Acetic acid, Lactic acid, Tartaric acid, Citric acid, Succinic acid. Oxalic acid, Salicylic acid, Benzoic acid, Benzyl benzoate, Dimethyl phthalate, Methyl salicylate and Acetyl sali- cylic acid
Aliphatic Amines*: Basicity, effect of substituent on Basicity. Qualitative test, Structure and uses of Ethanolamine, Ethylenediamine, Amphetamine
‘Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I – Theory’ is a course offered in the second semester of B. Pharm program at School of Pharmacy, Health Sciences campus, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham.
Scope & Objectives
Course Duration: 45 Hours
This subject deals with classification and nomenclature of simple organic compounds, structural isomerism, intermediates forming in reactions, important physical properties, reactions and methods of preparation of these compounds. The syllabus also emphasizes on mechanisms and orientation of reactions.
Upon completion of the course the student shall be able to
- Write the structure, name and the type of isomerism of the organic compound
- Write the reaction, name the reaction and orientation of reactions
- Account for reactivity/stability of compounds,
- Identify/confirm the identification of organic compound
- Appreciate coordinated working pattern of different organs of each system
- Appreciate the interlinked mechanisms in the maintenance of normal functioning (homeostasis) of human body.