Back close

Course Detail

Course Name Philosophy of Tantra
Course Code 21PHL538
Program M.A. in Philosophy
Credits 3


Unit I

The Evolution of Tantras: The Vedas and the Tantras, Origin and the Development of Tantras
The Siva Tantras (18 Agamas): Their Ritualistic Character
The Eight Yamalas: Rudra, Kanda, Brahma, Visnu, Yama, Vayu, Kubera and Indra; Their Development in the Tantric Sadhana

Unit II

Three Currents of Tantric Traditions: Daksina, Vama and Madhyama, Significance of Tantric Sadhana

Unit III

The Buddhist Tantras: Introduction, Similarity to Saktism in essence
The Brahmanical Tantras: Saiva, Vaisnava, Saura and Ganapatya

Unit IV

Tantra as a Way of Realization: Pure and Perfect Consciousness, Being and Bliss, Cit-Sakti and Cid-Vilasa
The Spirit and Culture of Tantra: Types of Sadhanas and Sadhakas, The Seven Acaras and Saptabhumikas

Unit V

Significance of Diksa (Initiation): Modes of Worship, Kulajnana
Realisation of the Supreme: Paths Towards Realisation, Kala, Tattva, Bhuvana, Varna, Pada and Mantra.


Philosophy of Tantra is a course offered in the third semester of the M. A. Philosophy Programme. The core concern of the course is to enable the learners to understand the origin and development of the Tantric traditions in India. The course further aims at a detailed study of the various streams of Tantra. It will provide the learners with the opportunity to analyze the potential of Tantric vision and practice as a way to spiritual realization.

Course Objectives

1. To understand the evolution of Tantra
2. To analyse various types of Tantra practices
3. To understand the current tantric practices
4. To analyse the tantric way of realisation

Course Outcomes

CO 1: Understanding the nature and scope of Tantra from a philosophical point of view.
CO 2: Comprehensive study of the components of Siva Tantra to delineate their ritualistic orientation.
CO 3: Descriptive study of the various currents of Tantra.
CO 4: Analytic study of concept of consciousness in Tantra philosophy.
CO 5: Exploratory study of the scope and significance of Tantra as a way to spiritual realization.
CO 6: Understanding the uniqueness of Tantric tradition in the wider context of classical Indian philosophy.




1. Agehananda Bharati. The Tantric Tradition. Delhi: S. Weiser, 1975. English.
2. Pandit Mukunda Rama Shastri (Tr). The Para-Trimshika. Delhi, 1991. English.
3. T. Ganapati Sastri (Ed). Tantra Samuccaya. Delhi: J R Gharpure, 1990. English.

CO – PO Affinity Map

PO PO 1 PO 2 PO 3 PO 4 PO 5
CO 1 3 3 2 1 2
CO 2 2 1 1 1 2
CO 3 3 2 1 1 3
CO 4 2 2 1 1 2
CO 5 1 1 1 1 3
CO 6 2 2 3 1 2

3 – strong, 2 – moderate, 1 – weak

DISCLAIMER: The appearance of external links on this web site does not constitute endorsement by the School of Biotechnology/Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this web site.

Admissions Apply Now