Back close


Unit 1

Introduction to semiconductors: Semiconductors: concept of electron and holes, conduction in semiconductors and concentration of charge carriers in semiconductors. Direct and indirect band gap semiconductors (quantum mechanical treatment). Extrinsic semiconductors: n-type, p-type & compensation doping, carrier concentration; PN junction – concept of bands at PN junction, junction under forward and reverse biases (conceptual).

Unit 2

Optical Processes: Optical absorption, Photoelectric Effect, Beer-Lambert law (Qualitative). Wavelength to band gap relation. Generation of electron-hole pairs. Recombination processes – direct and indirect recombination, other recombination processes – Shockley Reed Hall recombination, Auger recombination.

Solar Cell – Principle: Introduction & history of Solar cells. Constituents of solar radiations (Solar Spectrum). Separation of electrons and holes. Transport of charge carriers – diffusion & drift of carriers, continuity equation, field current, diffusion current, total charge current.

Unit 3

Solar Cell – Properties: Measurement of solar cell parameters – short circuit current, open circuit voltage, fill factor, efficiency. Optical losses, electrical losses, surface recombination velocity, quantum efficiency – external and internal, I-V characteristics of Solar cells. Fabrication and design of Solar cells. Performance enhance: Enhance absorption, Reduce series resistance, surface recombination.

Advanced Solar cell technologies (III Generation): Alternatives to conventional Si based solar cells – Thin film solar cells, Hetero junction solar cells, Tandem solar cells: material properties, fabrication and stability (includes nano scale devices). Organic solar cells.

Text Books

  • Wenham S R, “Applied Photovoltaics”, 2nd ed., Earthscan Publications Ltd., (2007)


  • Peter Wurfel, “Physics of Solar Cells”, 2nd Ed., Wiley VCH (2005).
  • S O Kasap, “Principles of Electronic Materials and Devices”, McGraw-Hill, New York (2005).

DISCLAIMER: The appearance of external links on this web site does not constitute endorsement by the School of Biotechnology/Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this web site.

Admissions Apply Now