Introduction and Basic Concepts: Importance of Dimensions and Units, definitions: system, surroundings, boundary, types of systems, properties, thermodynamic equilibrium, quasi static process, cyclic process. Concept of Zeroth Law, thermometry, temperature scales, Pressure measurement, Manometers.
Energy and its interactions – forms of energy, Heat, Work, I law of thermodynamics Ideal-Gas Equation of State, specific heats, characterization of thermodynamic processes. Compressibility Factor and other Equations of State.
Thermodynamic properties of Pure Substances: Phase-Change processes of pure substances, property diagrams for Phase change processes, property tables.
Energy analysis: closed and open systems, Steady Flow Engineering Devices.
Second Law of Thermodynamics: statement of Kelvin-Planck and Clausius, Heat Engines, Heat Pump and Refrigerators, Reversible and Irreversible processes, the Carnot Cycle and Principles, Carnot engine, Carnot Refrigerator and Heat pump. The inequality of Clausius and thermodynamic Temperature scale, concept of entropy, principle of increase in entropy for closed and open systems, Entropy change in different processes involving solids, liquids and gases.
Thermodynamic property relations: Introduction, important mathematical relations, cyclic rule, Maxwell relations, Clausius-Clapeyron equation, Joule Thomson coefficient and inversion line.
Gaspower cycles: Otto, Diesel, Dualand Brayton cycle.
Vapor power cycles: The Carnot vapor cycle and the Rankine cycle.
Refrigeration cycles: The reversed Carnot cycle and the ideal vapor compression Refrigeration cycle.