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Unit 1

Introduction to Modern Psychology
A short history of Modern Psychology – Major Schools of Modern Psychology – The three major forces in Western Psychology – Freudian Psychoanalysis; Behaviourism; Humanistic Psychology.

Introduction to Indian Psychology
What is Yoga? – Rise of Yoga Psychology tradition – Various schools of Yoga Psychology – Universal Goal of all Yoga-schools.

Patanjali Yoga Sutra – 1
Introduction to Rishi Patanjali – Bird view of Yoga-Sutra – Definition of Yoga – Vrittis.

Patanjali Yoga Sutra – 2
Five Kinds of Vrittis – Pramanam – sources of right knowledge – Viparyayah – unfolded belief – Vikalpah – Unfolded belief – Smriti – Memory.

Unit 2

Patanjali Yoga Sutra – 3
Two formulae – Necessity of Abhyasah and Vairagyah – Foundation of Abhyasah – Foundation of Vairagyah.

Patanjali Yoga Sutra – 4
Introduction to Samadhi – Samprajnata-Samadhi – Reasoning in S.amprajnata- Samadhi – Reflection in Samprajnata-Samadhi – Bliss in Samprajnata-Samadhi – Sense of Individuality in Samprajnata-Samadhi.

Patanjali Yoga Sutra – 5
Main obstacles in the path of Yoga – other obstructions – removal of obstacles by one – pointedness; by controlling Prana – by observing sense experience – by inner illumination – by detachment from matter – by knowledge of dream and sleep – by meditation as desired.

Patanjali Yoga Sutra – 6
How to make mind peaceful? – Cultivating opposite virtues: happiness – friendliness – misery – compassion – virtue – gladness – vice – indifference.

Patanjali Yoga Sutra – 7
Five causes of Pain – avidya – ignorance (Root Cause) – asmita – ‘I-Feeling’ – raga – attraction – dwesha – repulsion – abhinivesha – clinging to life.

Unit 3

Patanjali Yoga Sutra – 8

Necessity of Yoga practice – eight parts of Yoga practice – five Yamas: ahimsa – satya – asteya – brahmacharyam – aparigraha.

Patanjali Yoga Sutra – 9

Five Niyamas: Soucha – Santhosha – Tapas – Swadyah – Ishwara – Pranidhanam.

Patanjali Yoga Sutra – 10

Asanam – Pranayamah – various kinds of Pranayamah – Pratyaharah – Mastery over the senses.

Report review


Text Books


  • The course book will be “The four chapters of Freedom” written by Swami Satyananda Saraswati of Bihar School of Yoga, Munger, India.
  • “The message of Upanishads” written by Swami Ranganathananda. Published by Bharathiya Vidya Bhavan.
  • Eight Upanishads with the commentary of Sankaracharya, Translated by Swami Gambhirananda, Published by Advaita Ashram, Uttaranjal.
  • ‘Hatha Yoga Pradipika’ Swami Muktibodhananda, Yoga Publications Trust, Munger, Bihar, India

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