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A Qualitative Study of Newborn Care Practices among Mothers in a Rural Setting

Publisher : Indian Journal of Public Health Research Development

Campus : Kochi

School : School of Medicine

Year : 2015

Abstract : The first 48 hours after birth is the most crucial period in the life of an infant as the risk of death is highest during this period. The problem is more profound in rural areas of India as most deliveries are conducted at home with poor environmental conditions and unhealthy newborn practices. Methodology: The present research work is a community based field study done in Bisrakh block of district Gautam Budh Nagar. The study conducted in all the villages of two randomly selected sub- center areas each from two randomly selected PHC field areas of Bisrakh Block, Gautam Budha Nagar, U.P. Observations: 14% newborns did not cry immediately after birth, requiring resuscitation; 22% newborns were clothed within 6 hours of birth; breastfeeding started within one hour of birth among 11% newborns; 86% of newborns delivered at home were given pre-lacteal feeds; colostrum given to 34% of newborns and 26% of newborns were exclusively breastfed. Conclusions: Newborn care practices in deliveries conducted at home are far from ideal, it is of paramount importance that practical strategies involving behavioral change communication should be adopted in order to realistically reduce neonatal mortality in Rural India.

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