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Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa: An Underutilized Fruit with High Nutraceutical Values: A Review

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : MDPI

Source : Int.J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 10889. DOI: 10.3390/ijms231810889

Url :

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Agricultural Sciences

Year : 2022

Abstract : Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa (Bael) fruit, a member of the Rutaceae family, is a major cultivated fruit plant in tropical and subtropical regions in countries of southeast Asia. Bael fruit has been a major topic for studies in recent years mainly due to its high nutritional (carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, and vitamins) value and presence of various phytochemicals, which attributed to its high medicinal value. These phytochemicals include various compounds, e.g., alkaloids, flavonoids, and phenolic acids (protocatechuic acid, gallic, and ellagic acid). The fruit extract of bael has been also an important study area for its pharmacological activities, including antidiarrheal, antioxidant, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, radioprotective, anticancer, antiulcer properties. The current review mainly highlighted the nutritional and pharmacological activities of bael fruit. The nutritional profile and phytochemical profile were discussed in the review, along with their concentration in the fruit. Moreover, the experiments carried out in vivo and in vitro of bael fruit extracts with respect to their pharmacological activities were also discussed in the article. The recent literature based on nutritional and pharmacological values of bael fruit showed its high potential as a food and pharmaceutical product. Despite having high nutritional and pharmacological value, research related to molecular mechanisms of bael fruit is still limited, and clinical trials are needed to ensure its safety as a product in the food and pharma industries.

Cite this Research Publication : Sharma, N.; Radha;Kumar, M.; Zhang, B.; Kumari, N.;Singh, D.; Chandran, D.; Sarkar, T.;Dhumal, S.; Sheri, V.; Abhijit Dey, Sureshkumar Rajalingam, Sabareeshwari Viswanathan, Pran Mohankumar, Marthandan Vishvanathan, Sangeetha Kizhakkumkara Sathyaseelan, Jose M Lorenzo, "Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa: An Underutilized Fruit with High Nutraceutical Values: A Review," International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23, 10889. DOI: 10.3390/ijms231810889

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